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Imposterism Scale

The impostor phenomenon refers to people who are objectively competent but feel the opposite and therefore fear being unmasked. In light of the strength and pervasiveness of the self-esteem motive, the impostor phenomenon presents an enigma because so-called impostors appear to lack this fundamental tendency for self-enhancement. According to previous work, impostors experience discomfort when they succeed, attribute their successes to factors other than their ability, and deny they are as competent as their behavior seems to indicate (Clance, 1985; Clance & Imes, 1978; Harvey &...

Author of Tool: 
Leary, M. R.

College Activities and Behaviors Questionnaire (CABQ)

The College Activities and Behaviors Questionnaire (CABQ) is a 22-item self-report measure that asks about the number of times students engaged in various activities during the previous week. Only seven items, which targeted sleep behaviors, interpersonal interactions, physical health, and journaling, were used . These items were chosen, as they seemed to be particularly important areas of functioning for depression-vulnerable individuals, and allowed for the examination of journaling behaviors following the writing intervention. 

Author of Tool: 
Pennebaker, J.W

Questionnaires from a Typical Writing Study

These questionnaires ask a series of questions relating to college experience. In the Pennebaker, J.W., Colder, M., & Sharp, L.K. (1990) study, participants were told  "During today's session, I want you to let go and write about your very deepest thoughts and feelings about coming to college. College, as you know, is a major transition. In your writing, you might want to write about your emotions and thoughts about leaving your friends or your parents, about issues of adjusting to the various aspects of college such as roommates, classes, or thoughts about your future, or even about...

Author of Tool: 
Pennebaker, J.W

Childhood Trauma Questionnaire

The issue of understanding the world is particularly relevant to our confronting upsetting or traumatic experiences. If we get a parking ticket, we may briefly ponder our sin, put it into perspective, pay the fine, and ultimately forget it. Such a minor trauma may cause slight anxiety and cause us to think briefly about the nature of cars, parking slots, and the role of police in our society. Other traumas are not dispensed with so easily. If we were molested as children, fired from our jobs, or mugged, far more physiological and cognitive activity would ensue. A fundamental...

Author of Tool: 
Pennebaker, J.W. & Susman, J.R.

Self-Consciousness Scale--(SCS-R)

Private self-consciousness is a tendency to introspect and examine one's inner self and feelings. Public self-consciousness is an awareness of the self as it is viewed by others. This kind of self-consciousness can result in self-monitoring and social anxiety. Both private and public self-consciousness are viewed as personality traits that are relatively stable over time, but they are not correlated. Just because an individual is high on one dimension doesn't mean that he or she is high on the other. Self-consciousness can strongly influence behaviour. As well as public and private self-...

Author of Tool: 
Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S.

The Masculine Role Inventory (MRI)

Restrictive emotionality was defined as the restricted expression of privately felt emotions. Inhibited affection refers to the inhibition of feelings of affection and tenderness toward others. Success preoccupation was defined as a persistent preoccupation with success and career development to the exclusion of interpersonal pursuits and devotion. 

Author of Tool: 
Snell, W. E., Jr.

Beliefs About Women Scale (BAWS)

In the last couple of decades, researchers have become increasingly interested in examining the many facets of gender stereotypes. One particular area on which attention has been focused concerns "stereotypic" beliefs about women. The 16-item self-report Beliefs About Women Scale BAWS is used in the investigation of women's and men's personal functioning, cognitive activity, and interpersonal relationships.

Author of Tool: 
Snell, W. E., Jr. & Godwin, L.

The Emotional Self- Disclosure Scale (ESDS)

People vary in how willingly and how often they discuss their emotional experiences with others. Research indicates that men and women sometimes diverge in their disclosure tendencies, usually in response to unique characteristics associated with the topic and recipient of the disclosure.The Emotional Self-Disclosure Survey (ESDS) consists of 40 topics concerned with the types of feelings and emotions that people experience at one time or another in their life. This survey is concened with the extent to which you have discussed these feelings and emotions with your counselor.

Author of Tool: 
Snell, W. E., Jr., Miller, R. S., & Belk, S. S.

The Masculine and Feminine Self-Disclosure Scale (MFSDS)

The research literature on self-disclosure is not consistent with gender stereotypes. While some studies demonstrate that women are more self-revealing than men, some find the opposite to be the case. The Masculine and Feminine Self-Disclosure Scale (MFSDS) has four separate subscales: two masculine scales assess the tendency to discuss agentic, instrumental traits and behaviors; and two feminine scales measure the tendency to self-disclose about communal, expressive traits and behaviors. 

Author of Tool: 
Snell, W. E., Jr.

The Relational Assessment Questionnaire (RAQ)

A number of researchers have examined the impact of self-related tendencies on intimate relationships. The Relational Assessment Questionnaire (RAQ) is an objective self-report instrument which measures relational-esteem, the tendency to positively evaluate one's capacity to relate intimately to another person; relational-depression, the tendency to feel depressed about the status of one's intimate relationships; and relational-preoccupation, the tendency to be highly obsessed with thoughts about intimate relationships.

Author of Tool: 
Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P. D.

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