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Systematic Pedestrian and Cycling Environmental Scan (SPACES) Instrument

The Systematic Pedestrian and Cycling Environmental Scan (SPACES) Instrument is based on a study (Pikora et al., 2006) which collected information related to the physical environment in a 408-km2 area of metropolitan Perth. Hepburn Avenue, Lord Street Beechboro, Point Resolution and the coast form the borders for the area. Approximately 2,000 kilometres of road network were audited during February and March 2000 using SPACES. Some areas were audited twice to act as a quality control measure.

Author of Tool: 
Pikora, T., Giles-Corti, B., Bull, F., Knuiman, M., Jamrozik, K., Donovan, R.

Measurement Instrument for Urban Design Quantities Related to Walkability

An operational definitions and measurement protocols for six intangible qualities of the urban environment, specifically: imageability, visual enclosure, human scale, transparency, complexity, and tidiness; was developed in order to study relationships between the built environment and walking behaviour.

Author of Tool: 
Reid Ewing, Otto Clemente, Susan Handy, Emily Winston, Ross C. Brownson

System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time

SOFIT (System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time) is a comprehensive tool for assessing physical education classes by providing for the simultaneous collection of data on student activity levels, the lesson context, and teacher behavior. Physical activity engagement is one of the main health-related goals of physical education and it is needed in order for students to become physically fit and physically skilled. Participation in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during class is highly dependent upon how physical education subject matter is delivered (i.e., lesson context)...

Author of Tool: 
Thomas L. McKenzie, Ph.D.

System for Observing Play and Leisure Activity in Youth (SOPLAY)

The System for Observing Play and Leisure Activity in Youth (SOPLAY) is based on momentary time sampling techniques in which systematic and periodic scans of individuals and contextual factors within pre-determined target areas are made. During a scan the activity of each individual is mechanically or electronically coded as Sedentary (lying down, sitting, or standing), Walking, or Very Active. Separate scans are made for females and males, and simultaneous entries are also made for time of day, temperature, area accessibility, area usability, presence of supervision, presence and...

Author of Tool: 
Thomas L. McKenzie, Ph.D.

School Physical Activity Policy Assessment (S-PAPA)

The S-PAPA uses open-ended, dichotomous, multichotomous, and checklist formatting and has 7 background items and three modules: (a) Physical Education (40 items); (b) Recess (27 items), and (c) Other Before, During, and After School Programs (15 items). Test-retest results suggest SPAPA items are reliable and can be useful in assessing PA policies in elementary schools (Lounsbery et al., 2011). Total administration time for all three modules is approximately 23 minutes.

Author of Tool: 
Monica Lounsbery, PhD, Thomas McKenzie, James Morrow, & Kathryn Holt, BS

Behaviors of Eating and Activity for Children’s Health: Evaluation System (BEACHES)

The Behaviors of Eating and Activity for Children’s Health: Evaluation System (BEACHES) is a direct observation system used to simultaneously record children’s physical activity and sedentary behaviors as well as related environmental characteristics and events. The physical activity codes have been validated using heart rate monitors and accelerometers, and the system can be used in homes, schools, and most settings where children might be found.The original system was developed within the framework of behavioral analysis and included coding for 10 separate dimensions. These dimensions...

Author of Tool: 
Thomas L. McKenzie, Ph.D.

Path Environment Audit Tool (PEAT)

To determine how physical characteristics of trails may influence use, reliable and valid audit tools are needed. The Path Environment Audit Tool (PEAT) was developed with design, amenity, and aesthetics/maintenance items. Two observers independently audited 185 trail segments at 6 Massachusetts facilities. GPS-derived items were used as a "gold standard." Kappa (k) statistics, observed agreement and ICCs were calculated to assess inter-observer reliability and validity. Fifteen of 16 primary amenity items had k-values > 0.49 ("moderate") and all had observed agreement > 81%. Seven...

Author of Tool: 
Philip J. Troped, Ph.D., Ellen Cromley, Ph.D.

Environmental Assessment of Public Recreation Spaces (EAPRS) Tool

See Author's guidebook for more detailed information.

Author of Tool: 
Saelens, Frank, Auffrey, Whitaker, & Burdette

Measuring Urban Design Qualities—An Illustrated Field Manual

Urban design qualities depend on physical features but are distinct from them. They reflect the general way in which people perceive and interact with the environment. The urban design qualities operationalized in this manual are:
• imageability
• enclosure
• human scale
• transparency
• complexity

Author of Tool: 
Clemente, O., Ewing, R., Handy, S., Brownson, R., & Winston, E.

Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT)

Prior to this, Autism was generally not detected before 3 years of age. As early intervention is vital, this instrument was designed to make detection possible from 18 months. The Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT) is administered by a health professional, both by asking the parent questions and directly observing and interacting with the child.

Author of Tool: 
Baron-Cohen, S, Allen, J, Gillberg, C.

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