The Behaviors of Eating and Activity for Children’s Health: Evaluation System (BEACHES) is a direct observation system used to simultaneously record children’s physical activity and sedentary behaviors as well as related environmental characteristics and events. The physical activity codes have been validated using heart rate monitors and accelerometers, and the system can be used in homes, schools, and most settings where children might be found.The original system was developed within the framework of behavioral analysis and included coding for 10 separate dimensions. These dimensions...
To determine how physical characteristics of trails may influence use, reliable and valid audit tools are needed. The Path Environment Audit Tool (PEAT) was developed with design, amenity, and aesthetics/maintenance items. Two observers independently audited 185 trail segments at 6 Massachusetts facilities. GPS-derived items were used as a "gold standard." Kappa (k) statistics, observed agreement and ICCs were calculated to assess inter-observer reliability and validity. Fifteen of 16 primary amenity items had k-values > 0.49 ("moderate") and all had observed agreement > 81%. Seven...
See Author's guidebook for more detailed information.
Neighborhood Environment Walkability Survey (NEWS) & Neighborhood Environment Walkability Survey – Abbreviated (NEWS-A)
Included is NEWS-A, the abbreviated version of the NEWS instrument which offers a shorter questionnaire. The abbreviated version of the NEWS instrument was derived based on multi-level factor analysis performed on the original NEWS instrument using a sub-sample of participants in the Neighborhood Quality of Life Study.
The questionnaire includes a detailed assessment of walking behavior, places to walk, barriers to being physically active, neighborhood infrastructure for walking and cycling, perceptions about places for walking, social assets, social support for physical activity, community assets, policy attitudes, and sedentary behaviors.
Urban design qualities depend on physical features but are distinct from them. They reflect the general way in which people perceive and interact with the environment. The urban design qualities operationalized in this manual are:
• human scale
The Homophobia Scale consists of 25 statements to which participants answer on a 5-point Likert scale of 1 (strongly agree) to 5 (strongly disagree). The HS includes items that examine social avoidance and aggressive acting, in addition to the attitudinal items found on many homophobia measures, providing incremental value for the HS that departs from other scales.
The development of the LGBIS is fully described by Mohr and Kendra (2011). This version of the scale replaces the unpublished version used and described in Balsam and Mohr (2007).
Despite the well-established benefits of physical exercise, many adult females do not obtain the recommended amounts. Obstacles to physical activity occur at multiple levels, including at the individual, interpersonal, and environmental levels. This survey represents a measure of assessing the self-reported physical activity levels of women from diverse ethnic backgrounds and some of their correlates.
This test was developed from a need to integrate measures of social anxiety and avoidance into assessment of physical activity and sport. Given the importance of physical exercise to individual health, accounting for psychological moderators of exercise behaviour is crucial.