The clinical diagnostic criteria for the Narcissistic Personality Disorder (DSM-III) (American Psychiatric Association, 1980) stimulated the interest of personality psychologists in the normal range of individual differences innarcissistic tendencies (Emmons, 1987; Raskin & Terry, 1988; Wink &Gough, 1990). The fundamental distinction between overt and covert narcissism in the normal range of individual differences are the constructs of the Maladaptive Covert Narcissism Scale (MCNS).
Nursing is a caring profession, which practices alongside other disciplines. Communication amongst health care personnel has been implicated in the literature as a cause of most patient errors and sentinel events between 1995 and 2006 (American Association of Critical Care Nursing [AACN], 2005; Dillon et al., 2009; Joint Commission, 2012; Wachter, 2010; World Health Organization, 2007). The majority of nursing programs do not include interdisciplinary or collaborative educational experiences in their curricula (Lavin et al., 2001).
Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN)...
Although the hand hygiene (HH) procedure is simple, the related behaviour is complex and is not readily understood, explained, or changed. Appropriate theories of behavioural change are often not considered in the design and use of assessment tools relating to HH behaviour. The COM-B HHB questionnaire is reliable and valid and has the potential to provide data to support the development, and evaluation, of HH interventions that meet the needs of specific healthcare units.