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Self-Consciousness Scale--(SCS-R)

Private self-consciousness is a tendency to introspect and examine one's inner self and feelings. Public self-consciousness is an awareness of the self as it is viewed by others. This kind of self-consciousness can result in self-monitoring and social anxiety. Both private and public self-consciousness are viewed as personality traits that are relatively stable over time, but they are not correlated. Just because an individual is high on one dimension doesn't mean that he or she is high on the other. Self-consciousness can strongly influence behaviour. As well as public and private self-...

Author of Tool: 
Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S.

The Masculine Role Inventory (MRI)

Restrictive emotionality was defined as the restricted expression of privately felt emotions. Inhibited affection refers to the inhibition of feelings of affection and tenderness toward others. Success preoccupation was defined as a persistent preoccupation with success and career development to the exclusion of interpersonal pursuits and devotion. 

Author of Tool: 
Snell, W. E., Jr.

Beliefs About Women Scale (BAWS)

In the last couple of decades, researchers have become increasingly interested in examining the many facets of gender stereotypes. One particular area on which attention has been focused concerns "stereotypic" beliefs about women. The 16-item self-report Beliefs About Women Scale BAWS is used in the investigation of women's and men's personal functioning, cognitive activity, and interpersonal relationships.

Author of Tool: 
Snell, W. E., Jr. & Godwin, L.

The Emotional Self- Disclosure Scale (ESDS)

People vary in how willingly and how often they discuss their emotional experiences with others. Research indicates that men and women sometimes diverge in their disclosure tendencies, usually in response to unique characteristics associated with the topic and recipient of the disclosure.The Emotional Self-Disclosure Survey (ESDS) consists of 40 topics concerned with the types of feelings and emotions that people experience at one time or another in their life. This survey is concened with the extent to which you have discussed these feelings and emotions with your counselor.

Author of Tool: 
Snell, W. E., Jr., Miller, R. S., & Belk, S. S.

The Masculine and Feminine Self-Disclosure Scale (MFSDS)

The research literature on self-disclosure is not consistent with gender stereotypes. While some studies demonstrate that women are more self-revealing than men, some find the opposite to be the case. The Masculine and Feminine Self-Disclosure Scale (MFSDS) has four separate subscales: two masculine scales assess the tendency to discuss agentic, instrumental traits and behaviors; and two feminine scales measure the tendency to self-disclose about communal, expressive traits and behaviors. 

Author of Tool: 
Snell, W. E., Jr.

The Avoidance Strategy Questionnaire (ASQ)

Sometimes people in close relationships don't want to do what their partner wants. The questions of the Avoidance Strategy Questionnaire (ASQ) pertain to how individuals avoid their partner's requests in such situations, and what avoidance strategies they use. Avoidance strategies are the tactics and techniques people use to deal with their partners' unwelcome persuasion attempts.


Author of Tool: 
Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.

The Relationship Disclosure Scale (RDS)

Use of the Relationship Disclosure Scale (RDS) found that people's willingness to disclose their intimate relationships to counselors depended on their own gender, the gender of the counselor, and the particular relationship topics assessed by the RDS. In addition, several personality variables associated with relational-esteem and relational-consciousness were found to be associated with women's willingness to engage in relationship disclosure with male and female counselors. These findings underscore the impact of gender and personality on counseling disclosure tendencies.

Author of Tool: 
Snell, W. E., Jr., Hampton, B. R., & McManus, P.

The Relational Assessment Questionnaire (RAQ)

A number of researchers have examined the impact of self-related tendencies on intimate relationships. The Relational Assessment Questionnaire (RAQ) is an objective self-report instrument which measures relational-esteem, the tendency to positively evaluate one's capacity to relate intimately to another person; relational-depression, the tendency to feel depressed about the status of one's intimate relationships; and relational-preoccupation, the tendency to be highly obsessed with thoughts about intimate relationships.

Author of Tool: 
Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P. D.

The Marital Disillusionment Scale

Recent research identified disillusionment in marriage as an important predictor of divorce, but no scale exists to measure this construct. Current projections estimate that up to 50% of today's first marriages will end in divorce. Divorce comes at a high price for families and for society in general (Larson, Swyers, & Larson, 1995); therefore, researchers have become interested in understanding the causes of marital unhappiness and instability as a way to predict, and ideally to forestall, divorce. In recent years, research has focused particular attention on the process of...

Author of Tool: 
Niehuis, S., & Bartell, D.

Conflict Between the Sexes Instrument

Conflict is predicted to occur whenever the reproductive strategy adopted by one sex interferes with that adopted by the opposite sex. Conflict is expected among unrelated members of the same sex, for example, because they frequently compete for access to the same choice resources such as food, status, and mating opportunities. Conflict during certain periods is expected between parents and their children and between siblings because in these relationships half of the genetic interests are distinct (Trivers, 1974). Despite its theoretical importance and everyday prevalence, little...

Author of Tool: 
Buss, D.