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Positive and Negative Quality in Marriage Scale (PANQIMS)

In both Britain and the United States, the majority of the problems for which people obtain professional help concern their spouse or partner (McAllister, 1995; Veroff, Kulka, & Douvan, 1981), and the deleterious effects of marital problems on physical and mental health are well documented (e.g., Burman & Margolin, 
1992). Not surprisingly, the most frequently studied topic in research on marriage is marital quality. Although numerous correlates of marital unity have been identified, concerns regarding the conceptualization and measurement of marital quality continue...

Author of Tool: 
Fincham, F.D., & Linfield, K.J.

Children's Perception of Interparental Conflict Scale (CPIC)

Guided by Grych and Fincham's theoretical framework for investigating the relation between interparental conflict and child adjustment, The Children's Perception of Interparental Conflict Scale (CPIC) was developed to assess children's views of several aspects of marital conflict.

Author of Tool: 
Fincham, F.D.

Children’s Relationship Attribution Measure (CRAM)

The study of children's perceptions of family events has led to increased understanding of their reactions to such events at both theoretical (e.g., Davies & Cummings, 1994; Grych & Fincham, 1990) and empirical levels (e.g., Grych, Seid, & Fincham, 1992; Kurdek & Berg, 1987; Mazur, Wolchik, & Sandier, 1992). This Children's Relationship Attribution Measure (CRAM) assessed children's attributions in parent-child relationships, examined their association with relationship positivity and behavior displayed toward the parent, determined whether depressive symptoms account...

Author of Tool: 
Fincham, F.D., Beach, S.R., Arias, I., & Brody, G.

Relationship Efficacy Measure (REM)

In an important theoretical statement, Doherty (1981a, 1981b) argued that conflict between intimates prompts them to engage in two cognitive processes. The first concerns attributions because it involves asking why the conflict arose. The answer to this attributional question is hypothesized to influence the second process. 
The second process concerns efficacy expectations or the perceiver's belief that he or she can execute the behaviors needed to resolve the conflict. Thus, for example, a spouse who attributes a marital conflict to his or her own inability to communicate...

Author of Tool: 
Fincham, F.D., Harold, G., & Gano-Phillips, S.

Marital Forgiveness Scale (Dispositional)

Forgiveness is a construct that might help us understand the occurrence of psychological aggression and general patterns of communication in marriage. The marital forgiveness scale assesses forgiveness dimensions in relation to situations where the respondent's partner had 'wronged' them' or 'hurt them'.  Higher scores indicate greater agreement with statements. 

Author of Tool: 
Fincham, F.D. & Beach, S.R.

Marital Forgiveness Scale – Event

When interpersonal transgressions occur in marriage they can elicit strong negative feelings and have the potential to disrupt the relationship. Perhaps not surprisingly, spouses report that the capacity to seek and grant forgiveness is one of the most important factors contributing to marital longevity and marital satisfaction (Fenell, 1993). For a spouse to forgive his or her partner logically requires the spouse to be conscious of being injured/wronged by the partner. Without injury there is nothing to forgive (Enright & Coyle, 1998). However, it is also necessary for the spouse...

Author of Tool: 
Fincham, F.D., Beach, S.R., & Davila, J.

Positive-Negative Relationship Quality (PNRQ) Scale

Rogge and Fincham developed optimized measures of positive and negative relationship quality using a combination of exploratory factor analyses and IRT in a sample of over 1,600 college students. The authors asked respondents to rate their relationships on separate sets of 20 positive (e.g., enjoyable, pleasant, alive) and 20 negative (e.g., bad, empty, lifeless) adjectives, giving similar instructions to those used by Fincham and Linfield (1997; e.g., “considering only the positive qualities of your relationship and ignoring the negative ones, evaluate your relationship on the following...

Author of Tool: 
Fincham, F.D., & Rogge, R.

Partner-Focused Prayer Measure

Because religion and/or spirituality is integral to the lives of a majority of the world population, authors conducted 3 studies on the role of prayer in romantic relationships. Study 1 (N = 375) showed that prayer for the partner predicted lower levels of extradyadic romantic behavior over a 6-week period, over and beyond relationship satisfaction, and initial levels of extradyadic romantic behavior. In Study 2 (N = 83), they used an experimental design to show that participants assigned to pray for each day for 4 weeks engaged in lower levels of extradyadic romantic behavior during that...

Author of Tool: 
Fincham, F. D., Lambert, N. M., & Beach, S. R. H.

Quality and Safety Self-Efficacy Scale

Nursing is a caring profession, which practices alongside other disciplines. Communication amongst health care personnel has been implicated in the literature as a cause of most patient errors and sentinel events between 1995 and 2006 (American Association of Critical Care Nursing [AACN], 2005; Dillon et al., 2009; Joint Commission, 2012; Wachter, 2010; World Health Organization, 2007). The majority of nursing programs do not include interdisciplinary or collaborative educational experiences in their curricula (Lavin et al., 2001).

Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN)...

Author of Tool: 
Debra A. Simons, Phd, CNE, CHSE, CCM

Positive and Negative Ex-Relationship Thoughts (PANERT) scale

People often think about their relationship after it ends. Previously, most studies of romantic relationship breakups assumed that people only think about negative memories from their ex-relationship. The authors proposed that individuals also think about positive memories after a breakup, and that thinking about positive memories can also make it difficult to move on from a breakup. They created the PANERT, a 12-item measure, to examine this.

In the scale development paper, results indicated that people think about positive memories and negative memories after a breakup, and that...

Author of Tool: 
Brenner, R.E. and Vogel, D.L.