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The Clinical Decision Making Survey (CDMS)

Nurses are forced to make difficult decisions when presented with patients who are experiencing pain. Ethical dilemmas can also arise around issues such over-medication, under-medication, and opioid side effects to name a few. It is important to gain an understanding of how nurses make these decisions so that more insight can be gained into the factors influencing those decision making processes.

Author of Tool: 
Ferrell, B. R., Eberts, M. T., McCaffery, M., Grant, M.

Pain Audit Tools (PAT)

Quality palliative care is important in ensuring the wellbeing of those suffering with a terminal illness. One of the primary roles of a palliative care-giver is to be able to make accurate pain assessments. Without sufficient training nurses will struggle to meet the many tough demands they meet. The Pain Audit Tools (PAT) are therefore useful in maintaining a high standard of care and allowing improvements to be made where necessary. It serves as both an educational tool and a quality assessment tool.

Author of Tool: 
City of Hope Pain & Palliative Care Resource Center

TEAM- Team Emergency Assessment Measure

This research developed a valid, reliable, and feasible teamwork assessment measure for emergency resuscitation team performance. Although generic and profession specific team performance assessment measures are available (e.g. anaesthetics) there are no specific measures for the assessment of emergency resuscitation team performance.
METHODS:The instrument was developed and tested with senior nursing and medical students in the stages listed in the section below.
Conclusion: The final 12 item (11 specific and 1 global rating) are rated using a five-point scale and cover three...

Author of Tool: 
Cooper S, Cant R, Porter J, Sellick K, Somers G, Kinsman L, Nestel D.

Service to Others in Sobriety (SOS)

Giving, helping, volunteering, being of service, unselfishness, goodwill—whatever the term—human beings worldwide engage in generous, altruistic behavior toward others. Although such acts are, by definition, performed without expectation of external reward or reciprocation (Zemore & Pagano, 2009), they nonetheless provide specific benefits to the helper. A growing body of research shows evidence of the health benefits to helpers across the life span. Youths have been shown to enjoy lower levels of disciplinary problems (Calabrese & Schumer, 1986), better values, and educational...

Author of Tool: 
Maria E. Pagano, Amy R. Krentzman, Casey C. Onder, Justina L. Baryak, Jennifer L. Murphy, William H. Zywiak, Robert L. Stout

The PANAS-X: Manual for the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule

In recent research, two broad, general factors—typically labeled Positive Affect (PA) and Negative Affect (NA)—have emerged reliably as the dominant dimensions of emotional experience. These factors have been identified in both intraand interindividual analyses, and they emerge consistently across diverse descriptor sets, time frames, response formats, languages, and cultures. The PANAS-X: Manual for the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule , is a 60-item, expanded version of the PANAS. In addition to the two original higher order scales, the PANAS-X measures 11 specific affects: Fear,...

Author of Tool: 
Watson, D.

Appearance-based Rejection Sensitivity (Appearance-RS) Scale (Long and Short Form)

Appearance-based Rejection Sensitivity (Appearance-RS) reflects a personality processing system characterized by anxious concerns and expectations about being rejected based on one’s physical attractiveness (Park, 2007). People differ in their sensitivity to rejection based on appearance with unique consequences for mental and physical health, affect, and feelings of belonging. Specifically, Appearance-RS predicts increased symptoms of eating disorders and the tendency to make appearance-based comparisons with others. People high in Appearance-RS who are reminded of a negative aspect of...

Author of Tool: 
Park, L. E.

College Alcohol Problems Scale - Revised (CAPS-r)

The College Alcohol Problems Scale - Revised  (CAPS-r) was developed from the College Alcohol Problems Scale (CAPS). CAPS-r is a short reliable and valid measure of alcohol-related problems is needed to enable low-cost data collection on college campuses across the nation, as well as to facilitate program evaluation and routine epidemiological surveillance and monitoring.

Author of Tool: 
Maddock, Jay.

Decisional Balance Scale: Exercise

Most people actually change their exercise habits on their own. When they are asked what brought about the change, they often say they just “I just thought about it and decided it was time.” In some way, they evaluated the consequences of their on again off again activity patterns and the pros and cons of becoming more active. The pros for activity out weighed the cons and they made the decision to change. Weighing the pros and cons of changing happens all the time. Examples include changing jobs or deciding to move or get married. You can do the same thing with the costs of...

Author of Tool: 
Nigg, C. R.

CAPS condom use for Hispanic females

The survey instrument was based on more than 100 open- ended interview and 2 focus groups with Hispanics in San Francisco, held to identify Hispanic men’s perceptions of the consequences of condom use with primary and secondary sexual partners, difficulties with condom use, and normative aspects of condom use. The instrument was developed originally in Spanish and a back-translation procedure was used to assure that the English version was equivalent in meaning. Both the Spanish and English versions were pretested with at least 20 persons.

The final version of the interview required...

Author of Tool: 
Centre for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS)

Sexual Attitudes and Behavior of Unmarried Latino Females

The potential predictors of the Sexual Attitudes and Behavior of Latino Females  scale include homophobia, self-efficacy to use condoms, sexual comfort, sexual coercion, and traditional gender role beliefs. The questionnaires for unmarried Latino women and men were used in a random digit dial telephone survey of 1500 Latinos in ten states in the U.S. These states contain 90% of all Latinos living in the continental U.S.   

Author of Tool: 
Centre for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS)

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