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Mate Attraction Tactics

Darwin's theory of sexual selection suggests that individuals compete with members of their own sex for reproductively relevant resources held by members of the opposite sex. The premise behind the creation of the mate attraction tactics instrument was the fact that despite its centrality to evolutionary theory, little systematic empirical work had been conducted on the ways in which humans compete for reproductively relevant resources. Tactics of Mate Attraction assesses self-reported tactics of mate attraction. This instrument is concerned with the things that you did when you first...

Author of Tool: 
Buss, D.

Mate Preferences Questionnaire

Mate preferences acquire importance in at least three scientific contexts. One of these is that they can affect the current direction of sexual selection by influencing who is differentially excluded from and who is included in mating. Favored mate characteristics that show some heritability will typically be represented more frequently in subsequent generations. Because of the powerful reproductive consequences of preferential mating, it is reasonable to assume that mate preferences will depart from randomness and evolve through sexual selection. The Mate Selection Questionnaire requires...

Author of Tool: 
Buss, D.

Need to Belong Scale

The need to belong is one of the most fundamental and well-researched human motives. The need to belong is a‘‘strong desire to form and maintain enduring interpersonal attachments.’’ Researchers contend that this need can account for much of the research on interpersonal behavior. This Need to Belong Scale is the most recent and empirically sound of the current need to belong measures.

Author of Tool: 
Leary, M. R.

Comprehensive Misconduct Inventory (CMI – 50)

The association between psychopathy and self-reported misconduct has been established in offender samples and non-offender samples. Psychopathy, as measured by the SRP-II, is the best predictor of all forms of misconduct included in the CMI. The 50-item Comprehensive Misconduct Inventory (CMI-50) instrument covers a wide variety of misbehaviors from mild to extreme.  Factoring yields five clusters: Criminal Behavior, Driving Misconduct, Bullying, Drug & Alcohol abuse and Anti-Authority Aggression.

Author of Tool: 
Paulhus, D. L.

Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire

Emotions help us respond adaptively to environmental challenges and opportunities. Unlike other biologically based response tendencies, such as reflexes, however, emotions only incline us to act in certain ways; they do not compel us to do so. This means that we may deny expression to some emotional impulses while freely expressing others. Striking individual differences in ex-pressivity suggest that people differ in their response tendencies and in how they express these impulses as they arise. The Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire assesses three different facets of emotional...

Author of Tool: 
Gross, J.J., & John, O.P.

Questionnaires from a Typical Writing Study

These questionnaires ask a series of questions relating to college experience. In the Pennebaker, J.W., Colder, M., & Sharp, L.K. (1990) study, participants were told  "During today's session, I want you to let go and write about your very deepest thoughts and feelings about coming to college. College, as you know, is a major transition. In your writing, you might want to write about your emotions and thoughts about leaving your friends or your parents, about issues of adjusting to the various aspects of college such as roommates, classes, or thoughts about your future, or even about...

Author of Tool: 
Pennebaker, J.W

The Emotional Self- Disclosure Scale (ESDS)

People vary in how willingly and how often they discuss their emotional experiences with others. Research indicates that men and women sometimes diverge in their disclosure tendencies, usually in response to unique characteristics associated with the topic and recipient of the disclosure.The Emotional Self-Disclosure Survey (ESDS) consists of 40 topics concerned with the types of feelings and emotions that people experience at one time or another in their life. This survey is concened with the extent to which you have discussed these feelings and emotions with your counselor.

Author of Tool: 
Snell, W. E., Jr., Miller, R. S., & Belk, S. S.

The Masculine and Feminine Self-Disclosure Scale (MFSDS)

The research literature on self-disclosure is not consistent with gender stereotypes. While some studies demonstrate that women are more self-revealing than men, some find the opposite to be the case. The Masculine and Feminine Self-Disclosure Scale (MFSDS) has four separate subscales: two masculine scales assess the tendency to discuss agentic, instrumental traits and behaviors; and two feminine scales measure the tendency to self-disclose about communal, expressive traits and behaviors. 

Author of Tool: 
Snell, W. E., Jr.

The Avoidance Strategy Questionnaire (ASQ)

Sometimes people in close relationships don't want to do what their partner wants. The questions of the Avoidance Strategy Questionnaire (ASQ) pertain to how individuals avoid their partner's requests in such situations, and what avoidance strategies they use. Avoidance strategies are the tactics and techniques people use to deal with their partners' unwelcome persuasion attempts.


Author of Tool: 
Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.

The Relationship Disclosure Scale (RDS)

Use of the Relationship Disclosure Scale (RDS) found that people's willingness to disclose their intimate relationships to counselors depended on their own gender, the gender of the counselor, and the particular relationship topics assessed by the RDS. In addition, several personality variables associated with relational-esteem and relational-consciousness were found to be associated with women's willingness to engage in relationship disclosure with male and female counselors. These findings underscore the impact of gender and personality on counseling disclosure tendencies.

Author of Tool: 
Snell, W. E., Jr., Hampton, B. R., & McManus, P.