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The Masculine and Feminine Self-Disclosure Scale (MFSDS)

The research literature on self-disclosure is not consistent with gender stereotypes. While some studies demonstrate that women are more self-revealing than men, some find the opposite to be the case. The Masculine and Feminine Self-Disclosure Scale (MFSDS) has four separate subscales: two masculine scales assess the tendency to discuss agentic, instrumental traits and behaviors; and two feminine scales measure the tendency to self-disclose about communal, expressive traits and behaviors. 

Author of Tool: 
Snell, W. E., Jr.

The Avoidance Strategy Questionnaire (ASQ)

Sometimes people in close relationships don't want to do what their partner wants. The questions of the Avoidance Strategy Questionnaire (ASQ) pertain to how individuals avoid their partner's requests in such situations, and what avoidance strategies they use. Avoidance strategies are the tactics and techniques people use to deal with their partners' unwelcome persuasion attempts.


Author of Tool: 
Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.

The Relationship Disclosure Scale (RDS)

Use of the Relationship Disclosure Scale (RDS) found that people's willingness to disclose their intimate relationships to counselors depended on their own gender, the gender of the counselor, and the particular relationship topics assessed by the RDS. In addition, several personality variables associated with relational-esteem and relational-consciousness were found to be associated with women's willingness to engage in relationship disclosure with male and female counselors. These findings underscore the impact of gender and personality on counseling disclosure tendencies.

Author of Tool: 
Snell, W. E., Jr., Hampton, B. R., & McManus, P.

The Relational Assessment Questionnaire (RAQ)

A number of researchers have examined the impact of self-related tendencies on intimate relationships. The Relational Assessment Questionnaire (RAQ) is an objective self-report instrument which measures relational-esteem, the tendency to positively evaluate one's capacity to relate intimately to another person; relational-depression, the tendency to feel depressed about the status of one's intimate relationships; and relational-preoccupation, the tendency to be highly obsessed with thoughts about intimate relationships.

Author of Tool: 
Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P. D.

The Marital Disillusionment Scale

Recent research identified disillusionment in marriage as an important predictor of divorce, but no scale exists to measure this construct. Current projections estimate that up to 50% of today's first marriages will end in divorce. Divorce comes at a high price for families and for society in general (Larson, Swyers, & Larson, 1995); therefore, researchers have become interested in understanding the causes of marital unhappiness and instability as a way to predict, and ideally to forestall, divorce. In recent years, research has focused particular attention on the process of...

Author of Tool: 
Niehuis, S., & Bartell, D.

Jealousy Instrument

Evolutionary psychologists hypothesised over three decades ago that men and women would differ psychologically in the weighting given to cues that trigger jealousy (Symons, 1979). A man's jealousy has been hypothesised to focus on cues to sexual infidelity because a long term partner's infidelity jeapordises his certainty in paternity, thereby placing him at risk of investing in another man's offspring. A woman's jealousy has been hypothesised to relate to cues to the long-term diversion of a man's commitment. The Jealousy Instrument is a 22 item questionnaire of events relating to...

Author of Tool: 
Buss, D.

Mate Retention Inventory (Male, Self-Reported) MRI-MSR

Maintaining a romantic relationship can be difficult work fraught with conflicts and challenges.Inadequate finances, meddling in-laws, and personality clashes, for example, can be sources of conflict in a romantic relationship. Perhaps the most important threat to a romantic relationship is infidelity (see Buss, 2000). Indicators of the likelihood of infidelity are key criteria that men and women use to select a long-term partner (Buss, 1989), and infidelity is a frequently cited cause of relationship dissolution and divorce across cultures (Betzig, 1989). An important part of maintaining a...

Author of Tool: 
Buss, D. M.

Mate Retention Inventory (Short Form) MRI-SF

People devote considerable effort to retaining their mates. Mate retention tactics range from vigilance to violence, and are linked to variables such as marital satisfaction and relationship aggression. The Mate Retention Inventory (MRI; 104 items comprising 19 tactics) has proven to be reliable and valid. Given the importance of assessing mate retention in various contexts, there is a need for a briefer version of the MRI. Therefore, the authors developed this short form of the MRI (the MRI-SF), which assesses performance of 19 mate retention tactics using two items per tactic.

Author of Tool: 
Buss, D. M.

Susceptibility to Infidelity Instrument

Infidelity is a major cause of divorce and spousal battering. Little is known, however, about which individuals are susceptible to infidelity, or about the relationship contexts that promote infidelity. Personality factors most strongly linked to susceptibility to infidelity according to the study from which this instrument was created, were low Conscientiousness, high Narcissism, and high Psychoticism. Relationship contexts most strongly linked to susceptibility to infidelity include sexual dissatisfaction, and specific sources of conflict such as partner complaints about jealousy. For the...

Author of Tool: 
Buss, D.M., & Shackelford, T.K

Characteristics Desired in Friend

The authors of this scale hypothesized that people form opposite-sex friendships (OSFs), in part, to acquire long-term mates (both sexes), to gain short-term sexual access (men more than women), and to gain physical protection (women more than men). They hypothesized that men and women have evolved psychological mechanisms that are designed to guide the initiation, selection, and dissolution of opposite sex friendships. This hypothesis assumes that opposite sex friendships solved specific adaptive problems that ancestral men and women faced recurrently over the course of human...

Author of Tool: 
Bleske, A.L., & Buss, D.M.