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Belief in Collective Emotions Scale

The article in which the Belief in Collective Emotions Scale was published consisted of three studies where participants' belief in collective emotions and related concepts were examined. Participants' belief in the existence of collective emotions positively correlated with measures of in-group identification, collective guilt assignment to an out-group, patriotism, conformity to the in-group, collectivist values, and collective self‐esteem. The belief in collective emotions mediated the relationship between in-group identification and patriotism, and it also mediated the relationship...

Author of Tool: 
Reysen, Stephen

Reysen Likability Scale

While much is known about the concept of likability, a single encompassing tool to measure likability did not exist before the Reysen Likability Scale, which measures the degree of likability for a target source, specifically an individual. 

Author of Tool: 
Reysen, Stephen.

Brief Betrayal Trauma Survey (BBTS)

According to betrayal-trauma theory (Freyd, 1994, 1996), experiences involving a betrayal of trust, such as childhood abuse perpetrated by an adult who is quite close to the victim, led to a set of outcomes that differ in kind from traumas that do not involve betrayal. Freyd (1999, 2001) hypothesized that separate clusters of symptoms of post-traumatic distress arise from two distinct dimensions of harm–life threat and social betrayal. Life threat is predicted to lead to symptoms of anxiety and hyper-arousal; social betrayal should lead to symptoms of dissociation, emotional numbness and...

Author of Tool: 
Goldberg, LR. & Freyd, J.J.

Passionate Love Scale (PLS) Form B

In this study, passionate love has been defined as "a state of intense longing for union with another." Perhaps at no other time is passionate love experienced more intensely than during adolescence. Researchers who are conducting research into Passionate Love often need two identical sets of tests of Passionate Love: One for pre-test and one for post-test. The Passionate Love Scale (PLS) Form B is an alternative form, with slightly different but equivalent questions.

Author of Tool: 
Hatfield, E. & Sprecher, S

Companionate Love Scale

Targeting an area of research that has long been dominated by Western scientists, Elaine Hatfield and Richard L. Rapson tell a new and updated story of love and sex in the modern world. With the advent of technology that is progressively shrinking our global community, the authors aim to assess how intimate relationships are carried out in a wide array of societies. The approach is multidisciplinary and cross-cultural, appealing to students of psychology, anthropology, sociology, history, literature, and art. A strong research base and an appealing narrative style characterise this ideal...

Author of Tool: 
Hatfield, E., Rapson, R.

General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE)

The construct of Perceived Self-Efficacy reflects an optimistic self-belief (Schwarzer, 1992). This is the belief that one can perform a novel or difficult tasks, or cope with adversity -- in various domains of human functioning. Perceived self-efficacy facilitates goal-setting, effort investment, persistence in face of barriers and recovery from setbacks. It can be regarded as a positive resistance resource factor. Ten items from the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE) are designed to tap this construct. Each item refers to successful coping and implies an internal-stable attribution of...

Author of Tool: 
Ralf Schwarzer & Matthias Jerusalem

Berlin Social Support Scales (BSSS)

The Berlin Social Support Scales (BSSS, Schwarzer & Schulz, 2000) were developed based on theoretical considerations and reviews of established measurement instruments for social support.
All items were discussed by an expert panel and partly revised after a pilot study with cancer patients. Items of the received/provided support subscales referring to unfavorable support behavior of the partner were omitted from our study after patients expressed rejection of those statements.

The answering format is the same for all subscales: Patients rate their agreement with the...

Author of Tool: 
Ralf Schwarzer & Ute Schulz

Measures of Interpersonal Attraction

The study by McCroskey & McCain reports a factor analytic investigation of the interpersonal attraction construct. Two‐hundred and fifteen subjects completed 30 Likert‐type, seven‐step scales concerning an acquaintance. Factor analysis indicated three dimensions of the interpersonal attraction construct which were labeled “task” “social” and “physical.” The results of this study and four replications was the resulting 15‐item instrument Measures of Interpersonal Interaction, which can be expected to measure reliably three dimensions of interpersonal attraction. .

Author of Tool: 
McCroskey, J. C.

Fear of Physician (FOP)

Many people are fearful and/or anxious about communicating with their physician. It is believed that this fear/anxiety is in some part a function of the way the physician communicates with the patient. This Fear of Physician (FOP) instrument was developed to measure that feeling. The FOP is an extension of the 5-item state anxiety measure developed by Spielberger (1966).

Author of Tool: 
Richmond, V. P., Smith, R. S., Heisel, A. M., & McCroskey, J. C.

Richmond Humour Assessment Instrument (RHAI)

The Richmond Humor Assessment Instrument (RHAI) is a 16-item self-report measure that uses a 5-point Likert format. The instrument was developed by Richmond (1999) to measure an individual's predisposition to reenact humour messages during an interaction. Researchers believe that teaching people to be humerous can help with stress and family problems, make them more popular, and they will have improved self-concepts.

Author of Tool: 
Richmond, V. P.

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