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Sources of Social Support Scale (SSSS)

This scale is part of the body of research on the effects of a multi-modal cognitive-behavioral stress management intervention on the psychosocial well-being of breast cancer patients. In the course of this work, several questions have arisen about social support. One question is whether different sources of support matter in different ways (e.g., partner, friends, health care providers).  Another question is how different aspects of support differ.  Indeed, there is a developing literature suggesting that negative support is more impactful than positive support. Neither of these questions...

Author of Tool: 
Carver, C. S.

COPE Inventory

The COPE Inventory is a multidimensional coping inventory to assess the different ways in which people respond to stress. Five scales (of four items each) measure conceptually distinct aspects of problem-focused coping (active coping, planning, suppression of competing activities, restraint coping, seeking of instrumental social support); five scales measure aspects of what might be viewed as emotion-focused coping (seeking of emotional social support, positive reinterpretation, acceptance, denial, turning to religion); and three scales measuring coping responses that arguably are less...

Author of Tool: 
Carver, C. S.

Brief COPE

The items of the Brief COPE are an abbreviated version of the COPE Inventory. It has been used in research with breast cancer patients, with a community sample recovering from Hurricane Andrew, and with other samples as well. The authors created the shorter item set partly because earlier patient samples became impatient at responding to the full instrument (both because of the length and redundancy of the full instrument and because of the overall time burden of the assessment protocol).  In...

Author of Tool: 
Carver, C. S.

behavioral avoidance/inhibition (BIS/BAS) scales

Several theorists have argued that two general motivational systems underlie behavior. A behavioral approach system (BAS) is believed to regulate appetitive motives, in which the goal is to move toward something desired. A behavioral avoidance (or inhibition) system (BIS) is said to regulate aversive motives, in which the goal is to move away from something unpleasant.  We developed the BIS/BAS scales to assess individual differences in the sensitivity of these systems. The BIS/BAS scales are available for research and teaching applications.

Author of Tool: 
Carver, C. S., & White, T. L.

Measure of Body Apperception (MBA)

Body image is often thought of in terms of physical appearance, but there is also a body image pertaining to integrity, wholeness, and normal functioning. People who are greatly concerned about either aspect of their body image are vulnerable to poorer psychosocial adjustment when confronting treatment for breast cancer. The poorer adjustment takes a different form, however, depending on the nature of the patient's body-image concern . The Measure of Body Apperception (MBA) is a measure of the investment in, or dependence on, one's body image as a source of the sense of self-worth.  It has...

Author of Tool: 
Carver, C. S.

The Benefit Finding Scale for breast cancer

Cancer patients experience positive as well as adverse consequences from diagnosis and treatment . The Benefit Finding scale for breast cancer assesses the perception that positive contributions were made to one's life by the experience of being diagnosed with and treated for breast cancer.  The original scale was developed by Vicki Helgeson at Carnegie Mellon University. The authors of the updated scale wrote a few additional items and distilled the set down a little by removing difficult and redundant items.  In an intervention study, the items tended to form a single factor.  In a later...

Author of Tool: 
Carver, C. S.

Measure of Current Status (MOCS)

The Measure of Current Status (MOCS) scale comes from research on the effects of a multi-modal cognitive-behavioral stress management intervention on the psychosocial well-being of breast cancer patients. An important question is whether the intervention's beneficial effects have several sources or one principle source.  In order to probe for possible "active ingredients" behind the intervention’s effects, Carver developed a brief measure called the Measure of Current Status, or MOCS. The MOCS has two sections. Part A is items measuring participants' current self-perceived status on...

Author of Tool: 
Carver, C. S.

Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Survivors (QLACS)

Many measures of quality of life (QOL) have been developed for assessment of cancer patients. Most of these measures, however, were developed for use during the period of treatment following diagnosis. Because of increasing interest in the experiences of long-term cancer survivors, authors have developed a measure specifically for use with persons who are 5 or more years past their cancer diagnosis. The development of the Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Survivors (QLACS) began with in-depth interviews with 59 long-term survivors, followed by generation of an item pool that was further...

Author of Tool: 
Avis, N. E., Smith, K. W., McGraw, S., Smith, R. G., Petronis, V. M., & Carver, C. S.

Survey for Senior Leadership

RAND aims to improve policy and decision making through research and analysis. One of this think tank's focuses is on improving chronic illness care evaluation. This RAND Survey for Senior Leadership is a tool for measurement of senior leadership in healthcare organisations. By completing this survey you will be contributing to your organization’s efforts to improve the quality of care for your patients.  

Author of Tool: 
RAND Corporation

Survey for Quality Management Director(s)

This survey was designed by RAND'S 'Improving Chronic Illness Care Evaluation (ICICE)' collaborative. This survey is one of their instruments designed to provide practical guidance to health care organizations seeking to improve care for patients with chronic disease. The evaluation team conducted consistent, independent assessments across participating sites, and addressed critical questions about organizational efforts to implement changes and improve care.RAND's Survey for Quality Management Directors is designed by RAND for use by quality management directors in the health service...

Author of Tool: 
RAND Corperation

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