Search database

behavioral avoidance/inhibition (BIS/BAS) scales

Several theorists have argued that two general motivational systems underlie behavior. A behavioral approach system (BAS) is believed to regulate appetitive motives, in which the goal is to move toward something desired. A behavioral avoidance (or inhibition) system (BIS) is said to regulate aversive motives, in which the goal is to move away from something unpleasant.  We developed the BIS/BAS scales to assess individual differences in the sensitivity of these systems. The BIS/BAS scales are available for research and teaching applications.

Author of Tool: 
Carver, C. S., & White, T. L.

Measure of Body Apperception (MBA)

Body image is often thought of in terms of physical appearance, but there is also a body image pertaining to integrity, wholeness, and normal functioning. People who are greatly concerned about either aspect of their body image are vulnerable to poorer psychosocial adjustment when confronting treatment for breast cancer. The poorer adjustment takes a different form, however, depending on the nature of the patient's body-image concern . The Measure of Body Apperception (MBA) is a measure of the investment in, or dependence on, one's body image as a source of the sense of self-worth.  It has...

Author of Tool: 
Carver, C. S.

The Benefit Finding Scale for breast cancer

Cancer patients experience positive as well as adverse consequences from diagnosis and treatment . The Benefit Finding scale for breast cancer assesses the perception that positive contributions were made to one's life by the experience of being diagnosed with and treated for breast cancer.  The original scale was developed by Vicki Helgeson at Carnegie Mellon University. The authors of the updated scale wrote a few additional items and distilled the set down a little by removing difficult and redundant items.  In an intervention study, the items tended to form a single factor.  In a later...

Author of Tool: 
Carver, C. S.

Measure of Current Status (MOCS)

The Measure of Current Status (MOCS) scale comes from research on the effects of a multi-modal cognitive-behavioral stress management intervention on the psychosocial well-being of breast cancer patients. An important question is whether the intervention's beneficial effects have several sources or one principle source.  In order to probe for possible "active ingredients" behind the intervention’s effects, Carver developed a brief measure called the Measure of Current Status, or MOCS. The MOCS has two sections. Part A is items measuring participants' current self-perceived status on...

Author of Tool: 
Carver, C. S.

Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Survivors (QLACS)

Many measures of quality of life (QOL) have been developed for assessment of cancer patients. Most of these measures, however, were developed for use during the period of treatment following diagnosis. Because of increasing interest in the experiences of long-term cancer survivors, authors have developed a measure specifically for use with persons who are 5 or more years past their cancer diagnosis. The development of the Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Survivors (QLACS) began with in-depth interviews with 59 long-term survivors, followed by generation of an item pool that was further...

Author of Tool: 
Avis, N. E., Smith, K. W., McGraw, S., Smith, R. G., Petronis, V. M., & Carver, C. S.

Survey for Senior Leadership

RAND aims to improve policy and decision making through research and analysis. One of this think tank's focuses is on improving chronic illness care evaluation. This RAND Survey for Senior Leadership is a tool for measurement of senior leadership in healthcare organisations. By completing this survey you will be contributing to your organization’s efforts to improve the quality of care for your patients.  

Author of Tool: 
RAND Corporation

Survey for Quality Management Director(s)

This survey was designed by RAND'S 'Improving Chronic Illness Care Evaluation (ICICE)' collaborative. This survey is one of their instruments designed to provide practical guidance to health care organizations seeking to improve care for patients with chronic disease. The evaluation team conducted consistent, independent assessments across participating sites, and addressed critical questions about organizational efforts to implement changes and improve care.RAND's Survey for Quality Management Directors is designed by RAND for use by quality management directors in the health service...

Author of Tool: 
RAND Corperation

Curiosity and Exploration Inventory (CEI)

In an effort to expand research on curiosity, the authors elaborate on a theoretical model that informs research on the design of a new measure and the nomological network of curiosity. Curiosity was conceptualized as a positive emotional-motivational system associated with the recognition, pursuit, and self-regulation of novelty and challenge. The authors posit that curiosity is an important motivational component (but not the only one) that links cues reflecting novelty and challenge (internal or external) with growth opportunities. The Curiosity and Exploration Inventory (CEI)...

Author of Tool: 
Kashdan, T.B., Rose, P., & Fincham, F.D.

The Day Reconstruction Method (DRC)

The Day Reconstruction Method (DRM) assesses how people spend their time and how they experience the various activities and settings of their lives, combining features of time-budget measurement and experience sampling. Participants systematically reconstruct their activities and experiences of the preceding day with procedures designed to reduce recall biases. The benefits of the DRM as outlined by the authors are: joint assessment of activities and subjective experiences, information about the duration of each experience, allowing for duration weighted analyses of experiences, lower...

Author of Tool: 
Kahneman, D., Kreuger, A. B., & Schkade, D. A.

Derogation of Competitors Instrument

The purpose of the derogation of competitors instrument is to measure for the likelihood of persons to form derogation tactics for competitor. Verbal signals are sometimes used to manipulate the impressions that people form about oneself and others. For the goal of self-enhancement, one can manipulate impressions either by elevating oneself or derogating others. Five hypothesis about derogation of same sex competitors were generated from an evolutionary model of human-mate competition. These hypothesis focused on sex-differences in the importance that humans attach to external resources,...

Author of Tool: 
Buss, D.

Pages