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Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT)

The original version of the Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) was designed by Dr. Steven L. Wolf, Emory University School of Medicine (Wolf, Lecraw, Barton & Jann, 1989). It has since been modified by researchers Taub, Blanton, & McCullough from the UAS CI Therapy Research Group. The modified version of the test has also been employed extensively with chronic patients who had suffered mild to moderate stroke (Taub, Miller, Novack, Cook, Fleming, Nepomuceno, Connell, & Crago, 1993; Taub, Crago, & Uswatte, 1998).

Author of Tool: 
Wolf SL, Catlin PA, Ellis M, Link A, Morgan B, Piacento A.

Four Square Step Test (FSST)

According to the CDC, in 2001, nearly 12,000 people age 65+ died from fall-related injuries. It is apparent that a clinical assessment tool that will detect the complex nature related to balance and falls in the elderly population before, as well as after sustaining a fall, is necessary. One instrument developed to do this is the Four Square Step Test (FSST). This is a timed test, intended to perturb the rapid change in direction while stepping forward, backward and sideways over a low obstacle.

Author of Tool: 
Wayne Dite and Viviene A. Temple

Ashworth Scale /Modified Ashworth Scale (AS/MAS)

In the original Ashworth Scale, resistance to passive movement about a joint with varying degrees of velocity is measured on a scale of 0 (no resistance) to 4 (rigidity). In the modified Ashworth Scale, a 1+ scoring category is added to indicate resistance through less than half of the movement (Bohannon & Smith, 1987).

Author of Tool: 
Richard Bohannon PT, PhD and Melissa Smith, PT

Clinical Simulation Evaluation Tool (CSET)

Despite the growing popularity of patient simulators as educational tools in the medical field, there is still scant empirical support delimiting their efficacy. A study by Radhakrishnan, Roche, & Cunningham (2007) set out to answer some of these questions by using the Clinical Simulation Evaluation Tool (CSET) to measuring specific nursing clinical practice parameters among a group of students who had been trained with the Human Patient Simulator (HPS). Five main areas of performance were measured: basic assessment skills, safety, prioritization, problem-focused assessment, ensuing...

Author of Tool: 
Kavita Radhakrishnan, Joan P. Roche, and Helene Cunningham

The Community Balance and Mobility Scale (CB&MS)

Each year up to five hundred thousand new cases of traumatic brain injury (TBI) are reported in the United States alone. Very often such injuries are accompanied by ambulatory disabilities which can only be overcome with specialized rehabilitation. Without good measurement tools it is impossible to draw accurate conclusions about the true effectiveness of such rehabilitation programs. Therefore, the Community Balance and Mobility Scale (CM&MS) was designed and verified to facilitate effective and systematic measurement of ambulatory skills in patients.

Author of Tool: 
Howe, J. A., Inness, E. L., Venturini, A., Williams, J. I. Verrier, M. C.

Emotional Cognitive Scale (ECS)

Piagetian and neo-Piagetian developmental psychologists believe that childhood is marked by a series of punctuated cognitive developments. This view requires that children of increasingly older age should be ever more capable of managing cognitively demanding tasks. Furthermore, this view requires that some degree of consistency exists in terms of the age at which specific cognitive abilities are developed. The Emotional Cognitive Scale (ECS) was developed to measure childrens grasp of their own emotions by asking them how they think they would feel in a number of given situations....

Author of Tool: 
Wintre, M. G., & Vallance, D. D. A.

The Clinical Decision Making Survey (CDMS)

Nurses are forced to make difficult decisions when presented with patients who are experiencing pain. Ethical dilemmas can also arise around issues such over-medication, under-medication, and opioid side effects to name a few. It is important to gain an understanding of how nurses make these decisions so that more insight can be gained into the factors influencing those decision making processes.

Author of Tool: 
Ferrell, B. R., Eberts, M. T., McCaffery, M., Grant, M.

The Controlling Pain Vignettes Survey (CPVS)

Nurses are forced to make difficult decisions when presented with patients who are experiencing pain. Ethical dilemmas can also arise around issues such over-medication, under-medication, and opioid side effects to name a few. It is important to gain an understanding of how nurses make these decisions so that more insight can be gained into the factors influencing those decision making processes. This survey is the product of four separate studies, each investigating one specific factor which may be influential during nurses’ assessments of patient pain.

Author of Tool: 
McCaffery, M., Ferrell, B. R., & O'Neil-Page, E.

Pain Audit Tools (PAT)

Quality palliative care is important in ensuring the wellbeing of those suffering with a terminal illness. One of the primary roles of a palliative care-giver is to be able to make accurate pain assessments. Without sufficient training nurses will struggle to meet the many tough demands they meet. The Pain Audit Tools (PAT) are therefore useful in maintaining a high standard of care and allowing improvements to be made where necessary. It serves as both an educational tool and a quality assessment tool.

Author of Tool: 
City of Hope Pain & Palliative Care Resource Center

TEAM- Team Emergency Assessment Measure

This research developed a valid, reliable, and feasible teamwork assessment measure for emergency resuscitation team performance. Although generic and profession specific team performance assessment measures are available (e.g. anaesthetics) there are no specific measures for the assessment of emergency resuscitation team performance.
METHODS:The instrument was developed and tested with senior nursing and medical students in the stages listed in the section below.
Conclusion: The final 12 item (11 specific and 1 global rating) are rated using a five-point scale and cover three...

Author of Tool: 
Cooper S, Cant R, Porter J, Sellick K, Somers G, Kinsman L, Nestel D.

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