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The Screen for Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms (SPTSS)

The Screen for Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms (SPTSS) is a brief screen, not based on a single-reported trauma model, that may aid researchers and clinicians in identifying persons who have high levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms. Items for the SPTSS are designed to closely match the DSM-IV criteria for PTSD except that symptoms are not linked to a particular stressor. Items are written in simple, colloquial language making the instrument suitable for use with a wide variety of populations. Caspi et al. (2007) highlight several advantages of the SPTSS including its not linking the...

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General 5-spectrum measure (GSM-V)

In recent years there has been an increasing focus on the clinical significance of subthreshold conditions and their impact on disability and health care utilization. Linking these conditions to a diagnostic threshold, which typically varies according to the classification system adopted has serious limitations for both clinical and epidemiological investigation of these phenomena. Furthermore, there are symptoms of potential clinical significance that are not mentioned in the diagnostic criteria set and therefore are often ignored. We argued that such symptoms, traits, and behaviors may...

Author of Tool: 
Paola Rucci

Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT)

The original version of the Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) was designed by Dr. Steven L. Wolf, Emory University School of Medicine (Wolf, Lecraw, Barton & Jann, 1989). It has since been modified by researchers Taub, Blanton, & McCullough from the UAS CI Therapy Research Group. The modified version of the test has also been employed extensively with chronic patients who had suffered mild to moderate stroke (Taub, Miller, Novack, Cook, Fleming, Nepomuceno, Connell, & Crago, 1993; Taub, Crago, & Uswatte, 1998).

Author of Tool: 
Wolf SL, Catlin PA, Ellis M, Link A, Morgan B, Piacento A.

Four Square Step Test (FSST)

According to the CDC, in 2001, nearly 12,000 people age 65+ died from fall-related injuries. It is apparent that a clinical assessment tool that will detect the complex nature related to balance and falls in the elderly population before, as well as after sustaining a fall, is necessary. One instrument developed to do this is the Four Square Step Test (FSST). This is a timed test, intended to perturb the rapid change in direction while stepping forward, backward and sideways over a low obstacle.

Author of Tool: 
Wayne Dite and Viviene A. Temple

Ashworth Scale /Modified Ashworth Scale (AS/MAS)

In the original Ashworth Scale, resistance to passive movement about a joint with varying degrees of velocity is measured on a scale of 0 (no resistance) to 4 (rigidity). In the modified Ashworth Scale, a 1+ scoring category is added to indicate resistance through less than half of the movement (Bohannon & Smith, 1987).

Author of Tool: 
Richard Bohannon PT, PhD and Melissa Smith, PT

Subjective Sense of Calling in Childrearing Scale

Researchers have suggested that individuals may perceive that they have a calling in life. Coulson and colleagues (2012, p.84) defined a calling as "a strongly held belief that one is destined to fulfil a specific life role, regardless of sacrifice, that will make a meaningful contribution to the greater good". The Subjective Sense of Calling in Childrearing Scale is a 16 item measure that examines the strength of an individuals belief about whether their life purpose was to be a parent. The scale is comprised of three subscales: Life purpose, awareness, and passion. Parental subjective...

Author of Tool: 
Coulson, Oades, & Stoyles

Pregnancy Experience Scale (long and brief versions)

A mother's emotional state during pregnancy has been found to affect child development. Negative emotions have been associated with a variety of undesirable outcomes such as reduced fetal heart rate variability, greater motor activity, disturbances to fetal habituation, spontaneous abortions, shortened length of gestation, pregnancy complications, pre-term delivery, low birth weight, and poorer cognitive and behavioural functioning later in life. Thus, it is important to consider and measure the stressors (both positive and negative) that women experience during pregnancy. The Pregnancy...

Author of Tool: 
DiPietro, Ghera, Costigan, & Hawkins

Collaborative Parent Involvement Scale

Type 1 diabetes is a common, and chronic, pediatric disease. As onset typically occurs during late childhood or early adolescence, parents must play a significant role in managing the diabetes, and the associated diabetes regimen, while children begin to assume greater responsibility for the management of their diabetes as they get older. Declines in adherence to diabetes management are associated with the transition between parent-management and child-management. Continued parental involvement, in a supportive, constructive manner, can reduce the likelihood of diabetes mismanagement. The...

Author of Tool: 
Nansel, Rovner, Haynie, Iannotti, Simons-Morton, Wysocki, Anderson, Weissberg-Benchell, & Laffel

Romantic Partner Conflict Scale (RPCS)

It has been proposed that when relating to other individuals, conflict is inevitable. There are measures available for investigating conflict in relationships however Zacchilli and colleagues (2009) note several limitations of these instruments including their focus on married couples, individuals in abusive relationships, specific aspects of conflict situations, and the questionnable psychometric properties of some of these instruments. The Romantic Partner Conflict Scale (RPCS) was designed to examine the process of "routine, normative episodes of romantic conflict" (Zacchilli, Hendrick...

Author of Tool: 
Zacchilli, Hendrick, & Hendrick

Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ)

Research has suggested that individual differences in several aspects of eating style contribute to the development of weight problems in children and adults. The Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) was designed to assess children's eating scale styles. It is a parent-report measure comprised of 35 items, each rated on a five-point likert scale that ranges from never to always. It is made up of eight scales: Food responsiveness, Emotional over-eating, Enjoyment of food, Desire to drink, Satiety responsiveness, Slowness in eating, Emotional under-eating, and Food fussiness. The...

Author of Tool: 
Wardle, Guthrie, Sanderson, & Rapoport