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System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time

SOFIT (System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time) is a comprehensive tool for assessing physical education classes by providing for the simultaneous collection of data on student activity levels, the lesson context, and teacher behavior. Physical activity engagement is one of the main health-related goals of physical education and it is needed in order for students to become physically fit and physically skilled. Participation in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during class is highly dependent upon how physical education subject matter is delivered (i.e., lesson context)...

Author of Tool: 
Thomas L. McKenzie, Ph.D.

System for Observing Play and Leisure Activity in Youth (SOPLAY)

The System for Observing Play and Leisure Activity in Youth (SOPLAY) is based on momentary time sampling techniques in which systematic and periodic scans of individuals and contextual factors within pre-determined target areas are made. During a scan the activity of each individual is mechanically or electronically coded as Sedentary (lying down, sitting, or standing), Walking, or Very Active. Separate scans are made for females and males, and simultaneous entries are also made for time of day, temperature, area accessibility, area usability, presence of supervision, presence and...

Author of Tool: 
Thomas L. McKenzie, Ph.D.

School Physical Activity Policy Assessment (S-PAPA)

The S-PAPA uses open-ended, dichotomous, multichotomous, and checklist formatting and has 7 background items and three modules: (a) Physical Education (40 items); (b) Recess (27 items), and (c) Other Before, During, and After School Programs (15 items). Test-retest results suggest SPAPA items are reliable and can be useful in assessing PA policies in elementary schools (Lounsbery et al., 2011). Total administration time for all three modules is approximately 23 minutes.

Author of Tool: 
Monica Lounsbery, PhD, Thomas McKenzie, James Morrow, & Kathryn Holt, BS

Preschool Outdoor Environment Measurement Scale (POEMS)

Includes a user guide, the scale and scoring protocol (additional Scoring Protocols are sold in a set of 10 separately, reliability and validity information, and a technical assistance manual for program improvement and planning can be found at the weblink below.

Author of Tool: 
Hestenes, L., DeBord, K., Moore, R., Cosco, N., & McGuinnis, J.

Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale – Youth (NEWS-Y)

The tool assesses residential density, land use mix (including indices of proximity and accessibility), street connectivity, infrastructure for walking/cycling, neighborhood aesthetics, and traffic and crime safety. There are separate self-administered versions for parents and adolescents (aged 11 and above).

The NEWS-Y instrument was derived from the NEWS-A, adaptations were made based on interviews with youth and parents, and it was tested in the Active Where? Study.

Author of Tool: 
Brian E. Saelens, Ph.D.

PIN3 Neighborhood Audit Instrument

The tool was originally developed to assess environments in urban and rural North Carolina. Researchers are encouraged to use the instrument in other geographic areas to confirm their applicability to different locations.

Author of Tool: 
Kelly Evenson, Ph.D., Carrie Fesperman, Brian Frizzelle, Barbara Laraia, Annie Lux, Lynne Messer, and Daniel Rodriguez.

NCI Standardized Surveys of Walking & Bicycling Database

Author of Tool: 
David Berrigan, PhD, MPH

Active Where? Surveys

The Active Where? Study was designed to develop measures to understand how the physical environment impacts physical activity and eating behaviors related to chronic diseases, such as obesity, among children and youth. This study started with individual interviews with children and parents 'in situ', thus allowing researchers to observe and interact with youth while using neighborhood and park environments. This formative work was designed to generate appropriate items.

A set of quantitative survey measures was developed to assess home, neighborhood, park, and school environments to...

Author of Tool: 
Jacqueline Kerr, Ph.D., James Sallis, Ph.D., Dori E. Rosenberg, M.P.H., Grregory Norman, Ph.D., Brian Saelens, Ph.D., & Nefertiti Durant, Ph.D.

Walking Route Audit Tool for Seniors (WRATS)

The main domains addressed by the Walking Route Audit Tool for Seniors (WRATS) are: functionality, safety, aesthetics, and destinations. The tool includes 59 items and most are measured using a 3-point scale.

Author of Tool: 
Jacqueline Kerr, Ph.D. and Dori E. Rosenberg, M.S.