Studies to Treat Or Prevent Pediatric Type 2 Diabetes - Fruit, Juice, & Vegetable Self-Efficacy (STOPP-T2D BCM-FJV SE)
A burgeoning concern among health care researchers and interventionists is the surge in incidence of type 2 diabetes in youth both in the US and overseas. "Knowing the consequences of type 2 diabetes in adults for micro- and macro-vascular disease progression, and knowing the impact of adequate treatment and management on those consequences, medical science seeks to broaden the scope of research to include this neglected and increasing population of patients.
HEALTHY was conducted in 42 middle schools at 7 field centers. Schools were randomized to either the intervention or control....
Five A Day Achievement Badge, and Fit for Life Achievement Badge for Boy Scouts of America (11-14 year olds): Measures
The 5 A Day and Fit for Life Boy Scout badge project is sponsored by the American Cancer Society.
Fruit, juice, and vegetable (FJV) consumption among elementary level children is worryingly low. Initiatives are warranted to enable children to increase FJV intake. Individually-oriented psycho-educational multimedia assists the delivery of interventions and utilizes known behavior change principles. Baranowksi and colleagues have developed measures to address and measure behaviour and attitudinal constructs related to FVJ behavior change.
The Trauma History Screen (THS) is appropriate both for clinical and research purposes, and can be easily administered to a wide population with its low reading level, use of common language and simple responses.
The negative psychological outcomes in children exposed to armed conflict are well documented. In particular, lower income countries have difficulty meeting the mental health needs of their children. To highlight the need for interventions in these countries Jordans, Komproe, Ventevogel, Tol, & de Jong (2008) developed and validated the Child Psychosocial Distress Screener (CPDS). This scale is unique in its brevity and its flexibility; three of the items must be supplemented with probes which relate specifically to the child’s own experiences. These 'probes' are obtained through...
Nurses are forced to make difficult decisions when presented with patients who are experiencing pain. Ethical dilemmas can also arise around issues such over-medication, under-medication, and opioid side effects to name a few. It is important to gain an understanding of how nurses make these decisions so that more insight can be gained into the factors influencing those decision making processes.
Nurses are forced to make difficult decisions when presented with patients who are experiencing pain. Ethical dilemmas can also arise around issues such over-medication, under-medication, and opioid side effects to name a few. It is important to gain an understanding of how nurses make these decisions so that more insight can be gained into the factors influencing those decision making processes. This survey is the product of four separate studies, each investigating one specific factor which may be influential during nurses’ assessments of patient pain.
Chronic pain is recognised as a significant barrier to wellbeing in those suffering from cancer. The family has also been highlighted as playing a crucial role in helping patients deal with their pain. The Family Pain Questionnaire (FPQ) is intended to shed some light on the family caregivers experience and knowledge of pain. This information can be used in conjunction with the Patient Pain Questionnaire (PPQ) to gain a clearer understanding of how perceptions of pain by patient and caregiver interact and/or even predict adjustment to pain. The questionnaire can be used in clinical...
Quality palliative care is important in ensuring the wellbeing of those suffering with a terminal illness. One of the primary roles of a palliative care-giver is to be able to make accurate pain assessments. Without sufficient training nurses will struggle to meet the many tough demands they meet. The Pain Audit Tools (PAT) are therefore useful in maintaining a high standard of care and allowing improvements to be made where necessary. It serves as both an educational tool and a quality assessment tool.
The Youth Quality of Life Instrument - Short Form (YQOL-SF) measures generic quality of life in youth ages 11-18 years with and without chronic conditions and disabilities. The short form includes 15 perceptual items measuring the domains of sense of self, social relationships, environment, and general quality of life, developed with Rasch methodology (publication forthcoming).