The original version of the Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) was designed by Dr. Steven L. Wolf, Emory University School of Medicine (Wolf, Lecraw, Barton & Jann, 1989). It has since been modified by researchers Taub, Blanton, & McCullough from the UAS CI Therapy Research Group. The modified version of the test has also been employed extensively with chronic patients who had suffered mild to moderate stroke (Taub, Miller, Novack, Cook, Fleming, Nepomuceno, Connell, & Crago, 1993; Taub, Crago, & Uswatte, 1998).
According to the CDC, in 2001, nearly 12,000 people age 65+ died from fall-related injuries. It is apparent that a clinical assessment tool that will detect the complex nature related to balance and falls in the elderly population before, as well as after sustaining a fall, is necessary. One instrument developed to do this is the Four Square Step Test (FSST). This is a timed test, intended to perturb the rapid change in direction while stepping forward, backward and sideways over a low obstacle.
In the original Ashworth Scale, resistance to passive movement about a joint with varying degrees of velocity is measured on a scale of 0 (no resistance) to 4 (rigidity). In the modified Ashworth Scale, a 1+ scoring category is added to indicate resistance through less than half of the movement (Bohannon & Smith, 1987).
Items on the Participation Survey of Mobility Limited people (PARTS/M) were designed using interviews with 15 experts of mobility impairments. These interviews were complemented the input of 15 focus groups. The PARTS/M has been tested with mobility-impaired individuals across diagnoses, including; stroke, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, and spinal chord injury. PARTS/M may be a useful measure of some components of participation in major life activities for people with mobility limitations in the community setting.
The term meteoropathy derives from the Greek ‘meteora’ (things high in the air or celestial phenomena) and ‘pathos’ (illness, suffering, pain), and it is used to indicate every pathological dimension in some way related to weather conditions. This concept is referred to a set of temperature, humidity, barometric pressure and brightness. Meteoropathy can be considered a syndrome: in fact, it is represented by a group of symptoms and pathological reactions that manifest when there is a gradual or sudden change in one or more meteorological factors in a given area.
The Girls health Enrichment Multi-site Studies (GEMS) was an obesity prevention research initiative supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), with a target population of young African-American girls.
"Interventions included a 24-month period and core follow-up evaluations performed at baseline, and at 12 and 24 months following randomization. Body-mass index (BMI) was the primary endpoint in all four studies. Secondary outcomes include anthropometric measures (e.g., waist circumference), measures of physical activity (recalled and recorded directly), diet...
Studies to Treat Or Prevent Pediatric Type 2 Diabetes - Fruit, Juice, & Vegetable Self-Efficacy (STOPP-T2D BCM-FJV SE)
A burgeoning concern among health care researchers and interventionists is the surge in incidence of type 2 diabetes in youth both in the US and overseas. "Knowing the consequences of type 2 diabetes in adults for micro- and macro-vascular disease progression, and knowing the impact of adequate treatment and management on those consequences, medical science seeks to broaden the scope of research to include this neglected and increasing population of patients.
HEALTHY was conducted in 42 middle schools at 7 field centers. Schools were randomized to either the intervention or control....
Five A Day Achievement Badge, and Fit for Life Achievement Badge for Boy Scouts of America (11-14 year olds): Measures
The 5 A Day and Fit for Life Boy Scout badge project is sponsored by the American Cancer Society.
Fruit, juice, and vegetable (FJV) consumption among elementary level children is worryingly low. Initiatives are warranted to enable children to increase FJV intake. Individually-oriented psycho-educational multimedia assists the delivery of interventions and utilizes known behavior change principles. Baranowksi and colleagues have developed measures to address and measure behaviour and attitudinal constructs related to FVJ behavior change.
The Trauma History Screen (THS) is appropriate both for clinical and research purposes, and can be easily administered to a wide population with its low reading level, use of common language and simple responses.