Positive and Negative Ex-Relationship Thoughts (PANERT) scale

People often think about their relationship after it ends. Previously, most studies of romantic relationship breakups assumed that people only think about negative memories from their ex-relationship. The authors proposed that individuals also think about positive memories after a breakup, and that thinking about positive memories can also make it difficult to move on from a breakup. They created the PANERT, a 12-item measure, to examine this.

Author of Tool: 

Brenner, R.E. and Vogel, D.L.

Quality and Safety Self-Efficacy Scale

Nursing is a caring profession, which practices alongside other disciplines. Communication amongst health care personnel has been implicated in the literature as a cause of most patient errors and sentinel events between 1995 and 2006 (American Association of Critical Care Nursing [AACN], 2005; Dillon et al., 2009; Joint Commission, 2012; Wachter, 2010; World Health Organization, 2007). The majority of nursing programs do not include interdisciplinary or collaborative educational experiences in their curricula (Lavin et al., 2001).

Author of Tool: 

Debra A. Simons, Phd, CNE, CHSE, CCM

Partner-Focused Prayer Measure

Because religion and/or spirituality is integral to the lives of a majority of the world population, authors conducted 3 studies on the role of prayer in romantic relationships. Study 1 (N = 375) showed that prayer for the partner predicted lower levels of extradyadic romantic behavior over a 6-week period, over and beyond relationship satisfaction, and initial levels of extradyadic romantic behavior.

Author of Tool: 

Fincham, F. D., Lambert, N. M., & Beach, S. R. H.

Marital Forgiveness Scale – Event

When interpersonal transgressions occur in marriage they can elicit strong negative feelings and have the potential to disrupt the relationship. Perhaps not surprisingly, spouses report that the capacity to seek and grant forgiveness is one of the most important factors contributing to marital longevity and marital satisfaction (Fenell, 1993). For a spouse to forgive his or her partner logically requires the spouse to be conscious of being injured/wronged by the partner. Without injury there is nothing to forgive (Enright & Coyle, 1998).

Author of Tool: 

Fincham, F.D., Beach, S.R., & Davila, J.

Marital Forgiveness Scale (Dispositional)

Forgiveness is a construct that might help us understand the occurrence of psychological aggression and general patterns of communication in marriage. The marital forgiveness scale assesses forgiveness dimensions in relation to situations where the respondent's partner had 'wronged' them' or 'hurt them'.  Higher scores indicate greater agreement with statements. 

Author of Tool: 

Fincham, F.D. & Beach, S.R.

Relationship Efficacy Measure (REM)

In an important theoretical statement, Doherty (1981a, 1981b) argued that conflict between intimates prompts them to engage in two cognitive processes. The first concerns attributions because it involves asking why the conflict arose. The answer to this attributional question is hypothesized to influence the second process. 

Author of Tool: 

Fincham, F.D., Harold, G., & Gano-Phillips, S.

Children’s Relationship Attribution Measure (CRAM)

The study of children's perceptions of family events has led to increased understanding of their reactions to such events at both theoretical (e.g., Davies & Cummings, 1994; Grych & Fincham, 1990) and empirical levels (e.g., Grych, Seid, & Fincham, 1992; Kurdek & Berg, 1987; Mazur, Wolchik, & Sandier, 1992).

Author of Tool: 

Fincham, F.D., Beach, S.R., Arias, I., & Brody, G.
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