In the Self-Discrepancy measurement, you will be asked to list the attributes of the type of person you think you actually, ideally, and ought to be:
Actual self: Your beliefs concerning the attributes you think you actually possess.
Ideal self: Your beliefs concerning the attributes you would like ideally to possess; your ultimate goals for yourself.
Ought self: Your beliefs concerning the attributes you believe you should or ought to possess; your normative rules or prescriptions for yourself.
It is proposed that different types of self-discrepancies represent different types of negative psychological situations that are associated with different kinds of discomfort. Discrepancies between the actual/own self-state (i.e., the self-concept) and ideal self-states (i.e., representations of an individual's beliefs about his or her own or a significant other's hopes, wishes, or aspirations for the individual) signify the absence of positive outcomes, which is associated with dejection-related emotions (e.g., disappointment, dissatisfaction, sadness). In contrast, discrepancies between the actual/own self-state and ought self-states (i.e., representations of an individual's beliefs about his or her own or a significant other's beliefs about the individual's duties, responsibilities, or obligations)
signify the presence of negative outcomes, which is associated with agitation-related emotions (e.g., fear, threat, restlessness). Differences in both the relative magnitude and the accessibility of individuals' available types of self-discrepancies are predicted to be related to differences in the kinds of discomfort people are likely to experience. Correlational and experimental evidence supports the predictions of the model.