Positive and Negative Quality in Marriage Scale (PANQIMS)

Author of Tool: 

Fincham, F.D., & Linfield, K.J.

Key references: 

Fincham, F.D., & Linfield, K.J. (1997). A new look at marital quality: Can spouses feel positive and negative about their marriage? Journal of Family Psychology, 11, 489-502.

Mattson, R.E., Paldino, D. & Johnson, M.D. (2007). The increased construct validity and clinical utility of assessing relationship quality using separate positive and negative dimensions. Psychological Assessment,19, 146-151.

Primary use / Purpose: 

Assesses positive and negative marriage quality evaluations.

Background: 

In both Britain and the United States, the majority of the problems for which people obtain professional help concern their spouse or partner (McAllister, 1995; Veroff, Kulka, & Douvan, 1981), and the deleterious effects of marital problems on physical and mental health are well documented (e.g., Burman & Margolin, 
1992). Not surprisingly, the most frequently studied topic in research on marriage is marital quality. Although numerous correlates of marital unity have been identified, concerns regarding the conceptualization and measurement of marital quality continue to be expressed (e.g., Glenn, 1990; Sabatelli, 1988; Trost, 1985). The Positive and Negative Quality and Marital Scale (PANQIMS) measures what is missing from the research; marital quality. 

Psychometrics: 

For psychometrics, see article: Fincham, F.D., & Linfield, K.J. (1997). A new look at marital quality: Can spouses feel positive and negative about their marriage? Journal of Family Psychology, 11, 489-502. 

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