What Are The Differences Types Of CBD 2023? Benefits & Risks

Reviewed by Drew Sutton, MD

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does cbd help with diabetes

Cannabidiol[1], or CBD, is rapidly rising to the top of the list of the best natural pain relievers. The cannabis plant’s CBD is used to create medications that relieve pain without having any intoxicating side effects. Contrary to the majority of painkillers, including opioids and other prescription drugs, CBD oil has little to no negative effects. Many different CBD products are made from hemp, including tinctures, candies, pills, topicals, and more. Additionally, CBD products include several CBD oil varieties, such as full spectrum, broad spectrum, and CBD isolate. The “entourage” effect is provided by full-spectrum CBD oil, which contains all the chemical elements found in a hemp plant, including THC. Broad-spectrum cannabis contains every substance found in a cannabis plant aside from THC, whereas CBD isolates only contains pure CBD.

This article comprehensively describes CBD oil, including what it is, CBD types, health benefits, side effects, and much more.

What Is CBD?

One of the numerous active substances included in the cannabis plant is CBD. It interacts with the endocannabinoid system in your body, which aids in preserving equilibrium. CBD is mostly extracted from the cannabis plant; however, doing so has a high THC content, which has psychotropic effects. The hemp plant is one of the primary sources of cannabidiol oil. Depending on the extraction method, CBD oil is combined with carrier oils like hemp seed oil, fractionated coconut oil, MCT oil, or other oils to produce broad-spectrum CBD oil[2] or full-spectrum CBD oil[3] products.

The former has every chemical component of the cannabis plant, while the latter solely has cannabinoids other than THC. It is free of chemicals because CBD isolate is the substance’s purest form. Then, MCT oil or other carrier oils are added to dilute the CBD oil. Anxiety and pain reduction are just two of the medical ailments that CBD oil is used to treat. CBD products are often advised since they have fewer mild side effects than prescription drugs.

Different types of CBD oil are available depending on how CBD is extracted. There are three different kinds of CBD oil: full-spectrum CBD oil, broad-spectrum CBD oil, and CBD isolate oil. Full-spectrum CBD oil contains all the cannabis plant’s chemical constituents or useful cannabinoids. It also contains THC, which is below the 0.3% legal limit. Broad-spectrum CBD oil contains every chemical component present in cannabis botanicals, with the exception of THC, which is present in very little levels. An isolated CBD oil is pure CBD oil. Contrary to full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD oils, CBD isolate is the purest form of the substance because it is devoid of all chemical constituents associated with cannabis.

does cbd help with diabetes

Types Of CBD

What kind of CBD oil can be obtained depends on the method of CBD extraction. Three types of CBD oil can be distinguished: full spectrum, broad spectrum, and CBD isolate oil. All of the chemical components, and beneficial cannabinoids,  of a cannabis plant, are present in full-spectrum oil[4]. Additionally, it has THC that is less than the 0.3% legal limit. All the chemical constituents found in cannabis botanicals—aside from THC in minimal amounts—are in broad-spectrum CBD oil[5]. Pure CBD oil is an isolated CBD oil. The purest form of CBD is CBD isolate, which is free of any cannabis-related chemical components, unlike full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD oils

Most CBD products contain:

  • Full-spectrum CBD[6] : All the elements of the cannabis plant, including a trace amount of THC, are still present in this kind of CBD. Although full-spectrum CBD products compliant with federal law usually include less than 0.3 percent THC, it’s vital to be aware that THC can still be found in these products.
  • Broad-spectrum CBD[7] : Except for THC, this form has every element of the cannabis plant.
  • CBD isolate[8] : Without any additional cannabis plant ingredients, this form is exclusively CBD.

Different Types Of CBD Products

CBD oils come in different spectrums, including full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD, and CBD isolate. Also, they come in different CBD products, including CBD topicals, gummies, capsules, tinctures, bath bombs, vapes, and many more.

  • Capsules are an excellent option since they are easy to dose and swallow.
  • Tinctures come in different CBD potency and tasty flavors
  • Creams have different strengths and are applied to the skin to relieve inflammation and pain.
  • Topicals are also applied to the skin. They come in different forms, including balms, lotions, and creams.
  • Vape pens are an excellent option if you seek to inhale CBD oil.
  • Tongue sprays, as the name suggests, are consumed orally.
  • CBD gummies are CBD edibles that are colorful, delicious, and effective.

Ways To Consume CBD Products

CBD oils come in different forms and strengths, and this allows consumers to choose how to use CBD products effectively. The following are various ways to consume CBD oil:

  • Sublingually involves placing CBD oil under your tongue and swallowing after sixty seconds. CBD oil tinctures are sublingual products.
  • Topically involves applying the CBD product on your skin. CBD creams and lotions are topically consumed.
  • Vaping involves inhaling CBD oil using vape pens.

How Does CBD Interact With The Body?

In contrast to THC, CBD usually has no side effects and doesn’t get you “high”.

The exact nature of CBD’s interactions with the Endocannabinoid System[9] (ECS) is unclear to experts. However, they are aware that it does not attach to CB1[10] or CB2[11] receptors in the same manner as THC.

Some people think that CBD binds to an unidentified receptor. Instead, many people think it functions by stopping the breakdown of endocannabinoids. They are able to affect your body more as a result.

Research indicates that CBD may assist with pain, nausea, and other symptoms linked to a variety of diseases; however, the specifics of how it works are still up for debate.

The Potential Benefits Of CBD

The following are various health benefits of using CBD oils:

  • Pain relief[12]
  • Relieving anxiety, stress, and depression
  • Improves sleep quality
  • Might reduce cancer-related symptoms
  • Reduces seizures related to neurological ailments
  • Boosts cardiovascular health

How To Use CBD Safely?

Before using a supplement, consult your healthcare professional to ensure that the supplement and dosage are appropriate for your specific needs.


CBD-infused products are a great natural option for internal and regional pain alleviation. They can also be used to treat anxiety, depression, and inflammation, as well as to improve sleep quality and reduce seizures, among other things. These products should be avoided by nursing and pregnant women. Before utilizing these items, people with an underlying disease or any prescribed medicine should visit a healthcare provider.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is buying CBD legal?

You can purchase CBD oil so long as it contains the legal limit of THC, 0.3%. However, CBD is illegal in some states.

Will I get high?

No. These products do not have psychoactive properties.

How long till I see results?

This depends on the method of administration. Vaping and smoking offer immediate results compared to edibles, capsules, and topicals.

What other health benefits does CBD oil offer?

Apart from relieving anxiety, these products can help reduce pain, boost brain functionality, prevent neurological diseases, manage chronic pain, and many more.

Are there any side effects?

Some users report various side effects[13], including diarrhea, agitation, appetite change, drowsiness, and irritability.

What is the best CBD brand?

Many brands are offering premium quality products. The ones mentioned above are among them.

What is the age limit for using CBD?

This differs from one state to another; however, you should be at least 18-21 years or older.

Are there CBD-infused products for pets?

Yes, these companies offer CBD pet treats and oils to relieve anxiety for pets.

+ 13 sources

MIDSS adheres to strict procurement guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutes, and medical associations. We work mainly with peer-reviewed studies to ensure the accuracy of the information. We avoid the use of tertiary references. You can read about how we ensure the accuracy and timeliness of our content in our editorial process.

  1. Webmd.com. (2018). CANNABIDIOL (CBD): Overview, Uses, Side Effects, Precautions, Interactions, Dosing and Reviews. [online] Available at: https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-1439/cannabidiol-cbd [Accessed 10 Jan. 2023].
  2. Cather, J.C. and Cather, J.C. (2020). Cannabidiol primer for healthcare professionals. Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings, [online] 33(3), pp.376–379. doi:10.1080/08998280.2020.1775437.
  3. Vigil, J.M., Montera, M.A., Pentkowski, N.S., Diviant, J.P., Orozco, J., Ortiz, A.L., Rael, L.J. and Westlund, K.N. (2020). The Therapeutic Effectiveness of Full Spectrum Hemp Oil Using a Chronic Neuropathic Pain Model. Life, [online] 10(5), p.69. doi:10.3390/life10050069.
  4. Cather, J.C. and Cather, J.C. (2020). Cannabidiol primer for healthcare professionals. Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings, [online] 33(3), pp.376–379. doi:10.1080/08998280.2020.1775437.
  5. ‌Cather, J.C. and Cather, J.C. (2020). Cannabidiol primer for healthcare professionals. Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings, [online] 33(3), pp.376–379. doi:10.1080/08998280.2020.1775437.
  6. Vigil, J.M., Montera, M.A., Pentkowski, N.S., Diviant, J.P., Orozco, J., Ortiz, A.L., Rael, L.J. and Westlund, K.N. (2020). The Therapeutic Effectiveness of Full Spectrum Hemp Oil Using a Chronic Neuropathic Pain Model. Life, [online] 10(5), p.69. doi:10.3390/life10050069.
  7. Gildea, L., Ayariga, J.A., Xu, J., Villafane, R., Robertson, B.K., Samuel-Foo, M. and Ajayi, O.S. (2022). Cannabis sativa CBD Extract Exhibits Synergy with Broad-Spectrum Antibiotics against Salmonella enterica subsp. Enterica serovar typhimurium. Microorganisms, [online] 10(12), p.2360. doi:10.3390/microorganisms10122360.
  8. Pamplona, F.A., da Silva, L.R. and Coan, A.C. (2018). Potential Clinical Benefits of CBD-Rich Cannabis Extracts Over Purified CBD in Treatment-Resistant Epilepsy: Observational Data Meta-analysis. Frontiers in Neurology, [online] 9. doi:10.3389/fneur.2018.00759.
  9. Pacher, P., Bátkai, S. and Kunos, G. (2006). The Endocannabinoid System as an Emerging Target of Pharmacotherapy. Pharmacological Reviews, [online] 58(3), pp.389–462. doi:10.1124/pr.58.3.2.
  10. Zou, S. and Kumar, U. (2018). Cannabinoid Receptors and the Endocannabinoid System: Signaling and Function in the Central Nervous System. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, [online] 19(3), p.833. doi:10.3390/ijms19030833.
  11. Navarro, G., Varani, K., Reyes-Resina, I., Sánchez de Medina, V., Rivas-Santisteban, R., Sánchez-Carnerero Callado, C., Vincenzi, F., Casano, S., Ferreiro-Vera, C., Canela, E.I., Borea, P.A., Nadal, X. and Franco, R. (2018). Cannabigerol Action at Cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 Receptors and at CB1–CB2 Heteroreceptor Complexes. Frontiers in Pharmacology, [online] 9. doi:10.3389/fphar.2018.00632.
  12. Hill, K.P., Palastro, M.D., Johnson, B. and Ditre, J.W. (2017). Cannabis and Pain: A Clinical Review. Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, [online] 2(1), pp.96–104. doi:10.1089/can.2017.0017.
  13. Office (2022). What to Know About Products Containing Cannabis and CBD. [online] U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Available at: https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/what-you-need-know-and-what-were-working-find-out-about-products-containing-cannabis-or-cannabis [Accessed 10 Jan. 2023].


Madison Clarke, MBAHM
MBA in Healthcare Management
She is a professional blog post, article, researcher, and health writer. She has mastered the art of content writing by practicing for years and constantly learning. She is always ready and well equipped to write. It is always a pleasure to bring her skills to use and play her part in helping others achieve their objectives. She has 6 years of experience conducting research in Fitness and health care. She is MBA qualified and has written health content for 8+ years.


Drew Sutton, MD
Medical Writer & Editor
Drew is a retired ENT doctor who now lives in the Southeastern US. He was a member of the American Academy of Otolaryngology and a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons. He has a bachelor’s degree in Biology and Psychology and an MD degree. He completed his internship in General Surgery and Residency in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery and practiced for almost 30 years in all aspects of ENT, including a specialization in disorders of the ear and skull base. Drew is passionate about communicating his clinical experiences and making his knowledge more accessible to the general public by medical writing.

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