Studies to Treat Or Prevent Pediatric Type 2 Diabetes – Fruit, Juice, & Vegetable Self-Efficacy (STOPP-T2D BCM-FJV SE)


Author of Tool: 

Baranowski T, Cooper DM, Harrell J, Hirst K (Principal Investigator), Kaufman FR, Goran M, Resnicow K

Key references: 

Baranowski T, Cooper DM, Harrell J, Hirst K, Kaufman FR, Goran M, Resnicow K; The STOPP-T2D Prevention Study Group. Presence of diabetes risk factors in a large U.S. eighth-grade cohort. Diabetes Care. 2006, 29(2):212-7.

Primary use / Purpose: 

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) is currently sponsoring STOPP-T2D, a collaborative group of academics in the remediation and prevention of diabetes in children and adolescents. This specialist group is in the midst of undertaking two research efforts: (1) an RCT of treatment for adolescents with diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and (2) a primary prevention trial designed to prevent the maintenance and progression of risk factors for type 2 diabetes in middle school age youth. Included are measures utilized in the STOPP-T2D trials.


A burgeoning concern among health care researchers and interventionists is the surge in incidence of type 2 diabetes in youth both in the US and overseas. “Knowing the consequences of type 2 diabetes in adults for micro- and macro-vascular disease progression, and knowing the impact of adequate treatment and management on those consequences, medical science seeks to broaden the scope of research to include this neglected and increasing population of patients.
HEALTHY was conducted in 42 middle schools at 7 field centers. Schools were randomized to either the intervention or control. The intervention is a multi-disciplinary effort designed to change the school nutrition environment, related to food and beverage quality and availability, and the physical activity environment, related to physical education class activities and involvement. In addition, educational and promotional programs and campaigns target healthy behaviors and awareness. A cohort of students was recruited in 6th grade and followed through the end of 8th grade. Six pilot and feasibility studies were conducted preparatory to the full scale trial.”
[Taken from ‘The Biostatistics Center/Research Projects’ at George Washington University website]


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