The Spann-Fischer Codependency Scale (SF CDS)

Author of Tool: 

Fischer, J.L., Spann L., & Crawford, D.

Key references: 

Fischer, J. L., Spann L., & Crawford, D. (1991). Measuring codependency. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 8, 87-100. 

Primary use / Purpose: 

Measures codependancy, defined as "a dysfunctional pattern of relating to others with an extreme focus outside of oneself, lack of expression of feelings, and personal meaning derived from relationships with others."

Background: 

A number of authors identify dysfunctional family and interpersonal dynamics as fostering and maintaining codependency. The authors of the scale note this in their definition of codependency, however they also take into account the contribution of characteristics of person. A number of constructs potentially related to codependency were reviewed in creating the Spann-Fischer Codependency Scale (SF CDS) 

Psychometrics: 

The 16 item scale was found to have a test-retest correlation of .87, with internal consistency Cronbach's alpha was .86. The scale is scored such that high scores reflect greater codependency. For full psychometric description of scale see: Fischer, J. L., Spann L., & Crawford, D. (1991). Measuring codependency. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 8, 87-100. 

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