Sources of Social Support Scale (SSSS)

Author of Tool: 

Carver, C. S.

Key references: 

Carver, C. S. (2006). Sources of Social Support Scale. http://www.psy.miami.edu/faculty/ccarver/sclSSSS.html

Kinsinger, S. W., Carver, C. S., Antoni, M. H., & Laurenceau, J-P. (2011). Perceived partner support and psychosexual adjustment to breast cancer. Psychology and Health, 26, 1571-1588.

Primary use / Purpose: 

Assesses sources of social support in a variety of health contexts.

Background: 

This scale is part of the body of research on the effects of a multi-modal cognitive-behavioral stress management intervention on the psychosocial well-being of breast cancer patients. In the course of this work, several questions have arisen about social support. One question is whether different sources of support matter in different ways (e.g., partner, friends, health care providers).  Another question is how different aspects of support differ.  Indeed, there is a developing literature suggesting that negative support is more impactful than positive support. Neither of these questions is new-both have been asked by other people. However, the authors of this scale found themselves not entirely satisfied with how existing measures differentiated these variables from each other. They developed an item set of their own, which has now been used in at least two longitudinal studies of cancer patients (breast and prostate cancer). This measure is called the Source of Social Support Scale (SSSS).

Psychometrics: 

Psychometric information for this scale can be found in Kinsinger, S. W., Carver, C. S., Antoni, M. H., & Laurenceau, J-P. (2011). Perceived partner support and psychosexual adjustment to breast cancer. Psychology and Health, 26, 1571-1588.

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