The Relational Assessment Questionnaire (RAQ)


Author of Tool: 

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P. D.

Key references: 

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P. D. (1993).  Measuring relational aspects of the self:  Relational-esteem, relational-depression, and relational-preoccupation.  Contemporary Social Psychology, 17, 44-55.

Primary use / Purpose: 

To measure relational aspects of the self: relational-esteem, relational-depression, and relational-preoccupation.


A number of researchers have examined the impact of self-related tendencies on intimate relationships. The Relational Assessment Questionnaire (RAQ) is an objective self-report instrument which measures relational-esteem, the tendency to positively evaluate one’s capacity to relate intimately to another person; relational-depression, the tendency to feel depressed about the status of one’s intimate relationships; and relational-preoccupation, the tendency to be highly obsessed with thoughts about intimate relationships.


Factor analysis confirmed the tri-component nature of the Relational Assessment Questionnaire, and reliability analyses provided evidence for each scale’s internal consistency and stability. The convergent and discriminant validity of the RAQ was indicated through results showing that relational-esteem, relational-depression, and relational-preoccupation were related in predictable ways to interpersonal involvement and attraction. 



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