Carlson, E. B., Lauderdale, S., Hawkins, J., & Sheikh, J. I. (2008). Posttraumatic stress and aggression among veterans in long-term care. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology, 21, 61-71.
Primary use / Purpose:
Posttraumatic stress symptoms can affect an individual's well-being, functioning, and quality of life. Such effects may be exacerbated for individuals who are cognitively impaired and lack the resources to deal with such symptoms or the ability to communicate with, or seek help from, others. The Posttraumatic Stress Screen for the Cognitively Impaired (PTSS-CI) identified symtpoms of posttraumatic stress and is suitable for use with individuals who are elderly and cognitively impaired, brain injured, or developmentally disabled. Both self-report and observer versions are available. Each contains 8 items that assess PTSD symptoms including reexperiencing, avoiding, and hyperarousal. The language used is very simple. Carlson and colleagues (2008) describe the scoring of the instrument.
Preliminary findings on the psychometric properties of the PTSS-CI are discussed in Carlson et al. (2008)
Other keywords: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder; PTSD; Cognitive Impairment; Stress