POG (Positive Generalization)

Author of Tool: 

Carver, C. S.

Key references: 

Carver, C. S., & Johnson, S. L. (2009). Tendencies toward mania and tendencies toward depression have distinct motivational, affective, and cognitive correlates. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 33, 552-569. 

Eisner, L. R., Johnson, S. L., & Carver, C. S. (2008). Cognitive responses to failure and success relate uniquely to bipolar depression versus mania. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 117, 154-163

Primary use / Purpose: 

Measure of positivity generalisation tendency

Background: 

The Positive Generalisation Scale (POG) was devised to assess the tendency to generalize from one positive experience to the broader sense of self. The POG addresse three different aspects of positive generalisation: Lateral generalisation is the tendency to generalize to a different domain of self; Upward generalisation is the tendency to generalize to higher aspects of the self; Social generalisation is upward generalization in the social sphere. The POG was first used in a study reported by Eisner et al. (see below); it was slightly revised and used in another study reported by Carver and Johnson (see below). In both cases, we found that tendencies toward mania were related to greater positive generalisation and that tendencies toward depression were related to greater negative generalisation, but there was no crossover of generalisation type to disorder tendency.

Psychometrics: 

For psychometrics see: Carver, C. S., & Johnson, S. L. (2009). Tendencies toward mania and tendencies toward depression have distinct motivational, affective, and cognitive correlates. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 33, 552-569.

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