Wintre, M. G., & Gates, S. K. E. (2006). Relationships with Parents, Spousal Reciprocity, and Psychological Distress in Middle-Age Adults. Journal of Adult Development,13(2).
Wintre, M. G., Yaffe, M., & Crowley, J. (1995). Perception of Parental Reciprocity Scale (POPRS): Development and Validation with Adolescents and Young Adults. Social Development, 4(2), 129-148.
Primary use / Purpose:
Extensive research has been carried out investigating the relationship between parents and their children and how this relationship influences children's development and subsequent transition into early adolescence. However, there has been comparatively little research into the importance of reciprocity extending beyond this period and into middle age. The Perception of Spousal Reciprocity Scale (POSRS) addresses this by measuring spousal reciprocity. This scale has been used by Wintre & Gates (2006) to demonstrate the importance of perceived reciprocity in the spousal relationship. It builds on other findings by Wintre & Gates in which parental reciprocity was also found to have ongoing psychological influences into middle age.
The psychometric properties of the Perception of Spousal Reciprocity Scale (POSRS) are discussed in Wintre & Gates (2006).