Perceived Parental Acculturation Behaviors Scale (PPABS)


Author of Tool: 

Henry, Biran, & Stiles

Key references: 

Henry, H. M., Biran, M. W., & Stiles, W. B. (2006). Construction of the Perceived Parental Acculturation Behaviors Scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology62, 293-297.

Henry, H. M., Stiles, W. B., Biran, M. W., & Hinkle, S. (2008). Perceived parental acculturation behaviors and control as predictors of subjective well being in Arab American college students. The Family Journal16, 28-34.

Primary use / Purpose: 

The PPABS is designed to measure Arab-Americans’ perceptions of their parents acculturation behaviors and strategies.


The Perceived Parental Acculturation Behaviors Scale (PPABS) assesses how the parents of the Arab-American respondents have adapted to, and embraced, American culture and society. It is comprised of 20 items, scored using a five point likert scale that ranges from never to always, that assess parents’ openness to the American culture and their attempts to preserve their native Arab culture. The items focus primarily on overt behaviors rather than asking respondents about their parents’ underlying attitudes. Perceived parental openness is assessed by examining the extent to which parents have sought exposure to American culture for themselves and their children. Perceived parental preservation is assessed by examining the extent to which parents have promoted exposure to Arabic culture for themselves and their children. 


The psychometric properties of the scale are discussed in Henry, Biran, and Stiles (2006).



PDF iconPPABS and Scoring Instructions

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):


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