The Patient Pain Questionnaire (PPQ)
Author of Tool:
The City of Hope Pain & Palliative Care Resource Center
Ferrell, B. R., Ferrell, B., Rhiner, M., Grant, M. (1991). Family Factors Influencing Cancer Pain. Post Graduate Medical Journal, 67 (Suppl 2), 64-69.
Ferrell, B. R., Rhiner, M., Cohen, M., Grant, M. (1991). Pain as a Metaphor for Illness. Part I: Impact of Cancer Pain on Family Caregivers. Oncology Nursing Forum, 18(8), 1303-1309.
Ferrell, B. R., Cohen, M., Rhiner, M., Rozak, A. (1991). Pain as a Metaphor for Illness. Part II: Family Caregivers’ Management of Pain. Oncology Nursing Forum,18(8), 1315-1321.
Ferrell, B. R., Rhiner, M., Ferrell, B. (1993). Development and Implementation of a Pain Education Program. Cancer, 72(11), 3426-3432.
Primary use / Purpose:
The Patient Pain Questionnaire (PPQ) is a 16-item ordinal inventory. Its purpose is to measure the knowledge and experience of a cancer patient in managing chronic pain.
Cancer pain is recognised as a serious barrier to mental wellbeing in cancer patients. One of the main aims of palliative care is to buffer patients against pain, both mental and physical. By using the Patient Pain Questionnaire (PPQ) and also the related family pain questionnaire (FPQ) clinicians and researchers can gain a clearer understanding of the patient/caregiver perspective and how this might interact with or even predict wellbeing or adjustment to pain. The PPQ can be used by either clinicans or researchers.
The psychometric properties of the Patient Pain Questionnaire (PPQ) are discussed in the introduction to the instrument itself which is attached below.