Passionate Love Scale (PLS)

Author of Tool: 

Hatfield & Sprecher

Key references: 

Hatfield, E., & Sprecher, S. (1986). Measuring passionate love in intimate relations. Journal of Adolescence, 9, 383-410.

Primary use / Purpose: 

The PLS is a 15 item likert-type questionnaire measuring various components of passionate love (cognitive, affective and behavioural).


While measures previously existed for companionate love, they did not exist for the more intense passionate love. The passionate love scale (PLS) can be used to explore cross-cultural differences, age differences and gender differences, among others, in passionate love.


Reliability is confirmed in Hatfield and Sprecher (1986), while convergent validity is discussed in several articles (Aron & Henkemeyer, 1995; Hatfield & Sprecher, 1986; Hendrick & Hendrick, 1989; Sprecher & Regan, 1998).



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