The Parent Adult-Child Relationship Questionnaire (PACQ)


Author of Tool: 

Peisah, C., Brodaty, H., Luscombe, G., Kruk, J., & Anstey, K.

Key references: 

Peisah, C., Brodaty, H., Luscombe, G., Kruk, J., & Anstey, K. (1999). The parent adult-child relationship questionnaire (PACQ): The assessment of the relationship of adult children to their parents. Aging & mental Health, 3, 28-38.

Primary use / Purpose: 

The PACQ is a short 26-item questionnaire that measures the filial relationship between parent and the adult child, from the adult child’s point of view. It is divided into two subscales assessing ‘relationship with mother’ (PACQM) comprising 13 items, and ‘relationship with father’ (13 items). The instrument can be self-administered and is applicable to both sexes.


The implications of the adult child and parent relationship for adult mental health has been relatively neglected in the adult psychopathology literature.The Parent Adult-Child Relationship Questionnaire (PACQ) was developed out of a need to identify key themes in this filial relationship, and construct a valid measure for its assessment, that is simple to administer and score.


Psychometric analysis and norms are provided in Pesiah et al. (1999).



Microsoft Office document iconPACQ

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):


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