The Panic Attack Questionnaire


Author of Tool: 

Norton, G. R., Harrison, B., Hauch, J., & Rhodes, L.

Key references: 

Norton, G. R., Harrison, B., Hauch, J., & Rhodes, L. (1985). Characteristics of people with infrequent panic attacks. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 94, 216-221.

Primary use / Purpose: 

The Panic Attack Questionnaire is a commonly-used self-report tool for assessing panic attacks, including features of panic, symptoms, cognitions, triggers, and coping strategies.


The PAQ is a comprehensive tool that aims to for assess various aspects of panic phenomenology. It begins by providing respondents with a definition of panic attacks (according to DSM-III) to create a common understanding of the construct. From there, participants construct their self-assessment. It collects information about participant’s frequency of panic attacks and the context in which they arose, as well as intensity of pain symptoms. The final section of the questionnaire consists of open-ended questions about medication use, stress, and treatment received for other illnesses or disorders.


The PAQ has been demonstrated to have good convergent validity with the Beck Anxiety Inventory (Cox, Cohen, Direnfeld, & Swinson, 1996).




Digital Object Identifier (DOI):


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