Panic-Associated Symptom Scale


Author of Tool: 

Argyle N et al

Key references: 

Argyle, N., Deltito, J., Allerup, P., Maier, W., Albus, M., Nutzinger, D., …& Rasmussen, S. (1991). The panic-associated symptom scale: Measuring the severity of panic disorder. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 83, 20-26

Primary use / Purpose: 

Measuring the severity of the core symptoms of panic disorder.


The Panic-Associated Symptom Scale was the first scale of it’s type to be published. It facilitates reporting and comparison between groups. It does not include measures of generalised anxiety symptoms and depression, but anticipatory anxiety and global phobia scores are included.


Referenced paper includes design rationale, scoring distributions, test-retest, correlations with other measures and within the PASS, PCAnalysis and response to drug therapy. Data are presented from a large study – n=1168.



Microsoft Office document iconpanic_associated_symptom_scale.doc

Other Information: 

Scoring is enhanced by use of patient diary. PASS is scored over the previous week’s symptomatology.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):


Welcome to the Measurement Instrument Database for the Social Sciences (MIDSS). The site is designed to be a repository for instruments that are used to collect data from across the social sciences. Please use the site to discover instruments you can use in you own research.