The Pain Outcomes Questionnaire-Short Form (POQ-SF)


Author of Tool: 

Clark, M. E. & Gironda, R. J.

Key references: 

Clark, M. E., Gironda, R. J., & Young, R. W. (2003). Development and Validation of the Pain Outcomes Questionnaire- VA. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 40(5), 381-396.

Primary use / Purpose: 

The Pain Outcomes Questionnaire-Short Form (POQ-SF) is a 20-item inventory. There are 19 primary pain items rated on a 11point (0-10) Likert-type scale and one demographical question. These 19 items are identical to those found in the longer and original version of the instrument, the POQ-VA. The present briefer form of this questionnaire excludes a number of items relating to such things as patient history, opioid use, treatment satisfaction, and other demographics. Its original purpose was to function as a multi-dimensional measure of pain in veterans to keep pace with the emergence of the biopsychosocial model of pain. It has proven to be a reliable, valid, and robust measure of the diverse cluster of symptoms associated with pain.


The Pain Outcomes Questionnaire-For Veterans (POQ-VA) was designed to address the complex, multi-dimensional nature of pain. At the time the inventory was being developed, such a scale was deemed necessary by the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) in order that effective treatments could be developed. It is not possible to develop these treatments unless an accurate and reliable method of assessing the underlying symptoms exists. For this reason, the POQ-VA was developed and validated over a period of years. It is useful in both clinical and research settings. The short form is perhaps more suitable to clinicians who need a quick accurate assessment without an abundance of background and additional information.


The psychometric properties of the Pain Outcomes Questionnaire-For Veterans (POQ-VA) are discussed in Clark, Gironda, & Young (2003).



PDF iconPOQ- Short FormPDF iconPOQ- Short Form Scoring Key

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