Pain Audit Tools (PAT)


Author of Tool: 

City of Hope Pain & Palliative Care Resource Center

Key references: 

City of Hope Pain & Palliative Care Resource Center. Research Instruments/Resources. City of Hope Pain & Palliative Care Resource Center. Retrieved October 27, 2012, from

Ferrell, B., Wisdom, C., Rhiner, M., and Alletto, J. (1991). Pain management as a quality of care outcome. Journal of Nursing Quality Assurance, 5(2), 50-58.

Ferrell, B, McCaffery, M., and Ropchan, R. (1992). Pain Management as a
Clinical Challenge for Nursing Administration. Nursing Outlook, 40(6), 263-268.

Primary use / Purpose: 

The Pain Audit Tools (PAT) includes three separate surveys used for gathering information on pain management. The first is an 11-item audit form useful for obtaining basic information about the patient. The second is a 17-item, self-report, pain assessment to be filled out by the patient. Finally, the third survey is used for aiding surgical reviews.


Quality palliative care is important in ensuring the wellbeing of those suffering with a terminal illness. One of the primary roles of a palliative care-giver is to be able to make accurate pain assessments. Without sufficient training nurses will struggle to meet the many tough demands they meet. The Pain Audit Tools (PAT) are therefore useful in maintaining a high standard of care and allowing improvements to be made where necessary. It serves as both an educational tool and a quality assessment tool.



PDF iconPain Audit Tools (PAT)

Web link to tool: 

City of Hope Pain & Palliative Care Resource Center

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):


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