The Multidimentional Model of Black Identity (MMBI)

By

Author of Tool: 

Sellers, R.

Key references: 

Sellers, R. M., Smith, M. A., Shelton, J. N., Rowley, S. A. J., & Chavous, T. M. (1998). Multidimensional Model of Racial Identity: A reconceptualization of African American racial identity. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2, 18–39. Sellers, R. M., Rowley, S. A., Chavous, T. M., Shelton, J. N. & Smith, M. A. (1997). The Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity: A preliminary investigation of reliability and constuct validity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73(4),  805-815.

Primary use / Purpose: 

The Multidimensional Model of Racial Identity (MMRI) represents a synthesis of ideas from many existing models of African American racial identity. The Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity (MIBI) was developed to measure the three stable dimensions of the MMRI (centrality, ideology, and regard) in African Americans college students and adults.

Background: 

The Multidimentional Model of Racial Identity (MMRI) defines racial identity as that part of the person’s self-concept that is related to her/his membership within a race. It is concerned with both the significance the individual places on race in defining him/herself and the individual’s interpretations of what it means to be Black.  The MMRI proposes four dimensions of racial identity in African Americans: the salience of identity; the centrality of the identity; the ideology associated with the identity; and the regard in which the person holds African Americans.  The first two dimensions address the significance of race in the individual’s self-definition; the second two dimensions address the qualitative meaning that the individual ascribes to being Black.

The Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity (MIBI) was developed to measure the three stable dimensions of the MMRI (centrality, ideology, and regard) in African Americans college students and adults. (Because of the situationally-dynamic nature of racial identity salience, attempting to measure it with a paper and pencil attitudes measure is in appropriate.)As such, the 56-item inventory is comprised of three scales that measure the centrality, ideology, and regard dimensions.  The ideology scale consists of four subscales (Nationalist, Assimilation, Minority, and Humanist), and the regard scale consists of two subscales (Private Regard and Public Regard).  A 7-point Likert type response scale is used with 1=strongly disagree and 7=strongly agree.

Psychometrics: 

For psychometrics, see: Sellers, R. M., Rowley, S. A., Chavous, T. M., Shelton, J. N. & Smith, M. A. (1997). The Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity: A preliminary investigation of reliability and constuct validity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73(4),  805-815.

Keywords: 

Files: 

PDF iconMMBI Scale

Web link to tool: 

https://sitemaker.umich.edu/aaril/measures#MMRI

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 

https://dx.doi.org/10.13072/midss.560

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Welcome to the Measurement Instrument Database for the Social Sciences (MIDSS). The site is designed to be a repository for instruments that are used to collect data from across the social sciences. Please use the site to discover instruments you can use in you own research.