The Modern Homonegativity Scale (MHS)

Author of Tool: 

Morrison, M. A., & Morrison, T. G.

Key references: 

Morrison, M. A., & Morrison, T. G. (2002). Development and validation of a scale measuring modern prejudice toward gay men and lesbian women. J Homosex, 43(2), 15-37.

Primary use / Purpose: 

The Modern Homonegativity Scale (MHS) comes in two forms, one for attitudes towards gay men and another for attitudes towards lesbians. The scales contain 12 items each and both are rated on a 5 point Likert-type scale. Its purpose is to measure homonegativity (i.e. negative attitudes towards homosexuals) among the general population.


Cases of discrimination, depression, and substance abuse are higher in the gay and lesbian community compared to the general population. Blatant, public displays of homophobia are becoming rarer as people become more informed and educated about homosexuality; however, people’s private attitudes may still show lingering signs of homonegativity due to popular stereotypes and other factors. In order for people’s private attitudes to be measured there must be reliable psychometric tools. This is why Morrison & Morrison developed and validated the Modern Homonegativity Scale (MHS).


The psychometric properties of the Modern Homonegativity Scale (MHS) are discussed in Morrison & Morrison (2002).



Digital Object Identifier (DOI):