Life Orientation Test–(LOT-R)

By

Author of Tool: 

Scheier, M.F., Carver C.S., and Bridges, M.W.

Key references: 

Scheier, M.F., Carver C.S., and Bridges, M.W. (1994). Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A re-evaluation of the Life Orientation Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 1063-1078.

Primary use / Purpose: 

Assesses dispositional optimism.

Background: 

Dispositionl optimism is thought to be good for physical and psychological well-being. Optimists differ from pessimists in their stable coping tendancies. The Life Orientation Test (LOT) was developed to assess individual differences in generalized optimism versus pessimism. This measure, and its successor the LOT-R, have been used in a good deal of research on the behavioral, affective, and health consequences of this personality variable.

Psychometrics: 

The scale appears to possess adequate predictive and discriminant validity, and overall is a good measure of optimism. For full description of psychometric properties, see 

Scheier, M.F., Carver C.S., and Bridges, M.W. (1994). Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A re-evaluation of the Life Orientation Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 1063-1078.

Files: 

PDF iconScale and Scoring Instructions

Web link to tool: 

https://www.psy.cmu.edu/people/scheier.html

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 

https://dx.doi.org/10.13072/midss.614

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

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