Internalized Homonegativity Inventory (IHNI)


Author of Tool: 

Mayfield, W.

Key references: 

Mayfield, W. (2001). The development of an internalized homonegativity inventory for gay men. Journal of Homosexuality41, 53-76.

Primary use / Purpose: 

The IHNI was designed to measure internalized negative attitudes towards homosexuality that gay men may have.


Mayfield (2011) describes how gay men and lesbians may develop negative attitudes towards homosexuality as a result of growing up in an antigay and heterosexist society. Internalized homonegativity may negatively impact on the personality, emotions, and behaviour of homosexuals. Many of the instruments designed to measure internalized homonegativity had important validity flaws. Thus, the IHNI was developed as a valid and reliable measure of negative attitudes towards homosexuality among gay men. The instrument consists of three subscales, personal homonegativity, gay affirmation, and morality of homosexuality,  and 23 items, each rated on a six-point likert scale from strongly disagree to strongly agree.


Mayfield (2011) presents support for the reliability and validity of the instrument.



PDF iconInternalized Homonegativity Inventory

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):


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