India HIV-Related Stigma Scale

Author of Tool: 

Centre for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS)

Key references: 

Steward WT, Herek GM, Ramakrishna J, Bharat S, Chandy S, Wrubel J, Ekstrand ML. HIV-related stigma: Adapting a theoretical framework for use in India. Social Science & Medicine 67 (2008) 1225–1235.

Primary use / Purpose: 

Measure of HIV-related stigma adapted for use in context of India

Background: 

Stigma complicates the treatment of HIV worldwide. Perceptions of high levels of stigma (felt normative stigma) motivate people to avoid disclosing their HIV status. These perceptions are often shaped by stories of discrimination against other HIV-infected individuals (vicarious stigma). The India HIV-Related Stigma Scale  was developed from a HIV-related stigma theoretical framework for use in India.

Psychometrics: 

For psychometric properties see article:

Steward WT, Herek GM, Ramakrishna J, Bharat S, Chandy S, Wrubel J, Ekstrand ML. HIV-related stigma: Adapting a theoretical framework for use in India. Social Science & Medicine 67 (2008) 1225–1235. 

Keywords: 

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):