The Homophobia Scale


Author of Tool: 

Lester W. Wright Jr., Henry E. Adams, & Jeffrey Bernat

Key references: 

Wright, L. W., Adams, H. E., & Bernat, J. (1999). Development and validation of the Homophobia Scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 21, 337-347.

Fisher, T. D., Davis, C. M., Yarber, W. L., & Davis, S. L. (2010). Handbook of Sexuality-Related Measures. New York: Routledge.

Primary use / Purpose: 

The Homophobia Scale (HS) was designed to measure cognitive, behavioural and affective aspects of homophobia.


The Homophobia Scale consists of 25 statements to which participants answer on a 5-point Likert scale of 1 (strongly agree) to 5 (strongly disagree). The HS includes items that examine social avoidance and aggressive acting, in addition to the attitudinal items found on many homophobia measures, providing incremental value for the HS that departs from other scales.


Additional information with regard to scoring, test validity and reliability are available in Fisher, Davis, Yarber, and Davis (2010).



Microsoft Office document iconHSMicrosoft Office document iconHS_Scoring

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):


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