HIV & Safer Sex: Self Efficacy Scale

Author of Tool: 

Redding, C. & Rossi, J

Key references: 

Redding, C.A. & Rossi, J.S. (1999). Testing a model of situational self-efficacy for safer sex among college students: Stage and gender-based differences. Psychology and Health, 14(3), 467-486. 

Primary use / Purpose: 

Measures self-efficacy in decisions around safe sex behaviour.

Background: 

Safer sex is first defined for participants as any combination of the following behavioral strategies:

A) Abstinence from vaginal and anal intercourse.

B) Condom Use with all vaginal and anal sexual partners.

C) Sexually exclusive relationship with only one partner in the past year who has tested negative for HIV antibodies.

Participants are then instructed to rate their level of confidence in having safer sex and temptation to have unprotected sex on a five-point Likert scale (1 = Not at all confident/tempted to 5 = very confident/tempted) in the following situations. Items used for the Confidence in Safer Sex (CSS) and Temptation for Unprotected Sex (TUS) scales ordered by subscale. The HIV and Safer Sex Self Efficacy Scale assists in the understanding of self-efficacy in safe sex, yielding important information for safer sex adoption and adherence at both individual and public health levels.  HIV and H 

Psychometrics: 

For full details on psychometrics see: Redding, C.A. & Rossi, J.S. (1999). Testing a model of situational self-efficacy for safer sex among college students: Stage and gender-based differences. Psychology and Health, 14(3), 467-486. 

Keywords: 

Files: 

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):