Gratitude Resentment and Appreciation Test (GRAT) (Revised GRAT and Short Form GRAT)

Author of Tool: 

Watkins, P. C., Woodward, K., Stone, T., & Kolts, R. L.

Key references: 

Watkins, P. C., Woodward, K., Stone, T., & Kolts, R. L. (2003). Gratitude and happiness: Development of a measure of gratitude, and relationship with subjective well-being. Social Behavior & Personality: An International Journal, 31, 431-452.

Primary use / Purpose: 

The GRAT was designed to measure an individual’s dispositional gratitude.


The authors proposed several traits that that a grateful person would exhibit. A grateful person would not feel deprived in life, they would have a sense of abundance. They would acknowledge the contribution of others to their success and well-being, would appreciate life’s simple pleasures, and would acknowledge the importance of experiencing and expressing gratitude. Their conceptualisation of gratitude was shown to correlate with measures of subjective well-being and positive affect.

The revised Gratitude Resentment and Appreciation Test (GRAT) consists of 44 items measuring these characteristics. The short-form GRAT consists of 16 items. Both scales are rated on a nine point scale from I strongly disagree to I strongly agree with the statement.


The revised GRAT has been shown to have good internal consistency, factorial validity, construct validity, and temporal stability (Watkins et al., 2003)



Microsoft Office document iconRevised GRATMicrosoft Office document iconRevised GRAT scoring instructionsMicrosoft Office document iconShort Form GRATMicrosoft Office document iconScoring Short Form GRAT

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