Goal Adjustment Scale–(GAS)

By

Author of Tool: 

Wrosch, C., Scheier, M. F., Miller, G. E., Schulz, R., & Carver, C. S.

Key references: 

Wrosch, C., Scheier, M. F., Miller, G. E., Schulz, R., & Carver, C. S. (2003). Adaptive self-regulation of unattainable goals: Goal disengagement, goal reengagement, and subjective well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 1494-1508.

Primary use / Purpose: 

Measures reaction to life goal adjustements

Background: 

People cannot always attain their goals. For example, sociostructural, biological, and normative factors can reduce the opportunities for goal attainment as people advance in age (Heckhausen & Schulz, 1995). Biologically and socially determined rules govern when people should retire, and there are implicit age norms guiding important life transitions (Baltes, Cornelius, & Nesselroade, 1979; Neugarten, 1969). The sequential nature of development also requires individuals of all ages to go through different life stages (Havighurst, 1973), frequently forcing them to leave valued activities behind. During life, people can not always attain their goals, and are sometimes forced to stop pursuing them. The Goal Adjustment Scale (GAS) measures how individuals react when this happens.

Psychometrics: 

For psychometrics, see article:

Wrosch, C., Scheier, M. F., Miller, G. E., Schulz, R., & Carver, C. S. (2003). Adaptive self-regulation of unattainable goals: Goal disengagement, goal reengagement, and subjective well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 1494-1508.

Keywords: 

Files: 

PDF iconScale and Scoring Instructions

Web link to tool: 

https://www.psy.cmu.edu/faculty/scheier/scales/GAS_scale.pdf

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 

https://dx.doi.org/10.13072/midss.616

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

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