Diagnostic Infant and Preschool Assessment (DIPA)

Author of Tool: 

Michael S. Scheeringa, MD, MPH

Key references: 

Scheeringa MS, Haslett, N (2010). The reliability and criterion validity of the Diagnostic Infant and Preschool Assessment: A new diagnostic instrument for young children. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 41, 3, 299-312.

Scheeringa, M. S., Peebles, C. D., Cook, C. A., & Zeanah, C. H. (2001). Toward establishing procedural, criterion, and discriminant validity for PTSD in early childhood. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry,
40(1), 52-60.

Scheeringa, M. S., Zeanah, C. H., Drell, M. J., & Larrieu, J. A. (1995). Two approaches to the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder in infancy and early childhood. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34(2), 191-200.

Scheeringa, M. S., Zeanah, C. H., Myers, L., & Putnam, F. W. (2003). New findings on alternative criteria for PTSD in preschool children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 42(5), 561-570.

Task Force on Research Diagnostic Criteria: Infancy and Preschool. (2003). Research diagnostic criteria for infants and preschool children: The process and empirical support. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 1504-1512.

Primary use / Purpose: 

The Diagnostic Infant Preschool Assessment (DIPA) is a diagnostic instrument for assessing DSM-IV syndromes in children aged 6 years or younger.

Background: 

The Diagnostic Infant Preschool Assessment (DIPA) is intended as an interview for caregivers of children up to 6 years old. It is acknowledged that many of the symptoms are not possible for infants but many scripts were worded so that they could be applied to younger children and were not based on an a priori assumption that these symptoms could not be detected in younger children. Also, the DIPA should be easily extended for use with children older than 6 years. Each disorder is in a self-contained module. All of the symptoms needed to make a DSM-IV diagnosis are in a disorder module and are presented in the same order that they are listed in the DSM-IV for ease of reference. Each module also contains a section for functional impairment, consistent with the DSM-IV.

Psychometrics: 

Test-retest reliability and concurrent criterion validity of the DIPA have been published (Scheeringa & Haslett, 2010).

Files: 

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):