Delinquent Activities Scale (DAS)

Author of Tool: 

Reavy, Stein, Paiva, Quina, & Rossi

Key references: 

Reavy, R., Stein, L. A. R., Paiva, A., Quina, K., & Rossi, J. S. (2012). Validation of the delinquent activities scale for incarcerated adolescents. Addictive Behaviors, 37, 875-879.

Elliott, D. S., Ageton, S. S., Huizinga, D., Knowles, B. A., & Canter, R. J. (1983). The prevalence and incidence of delinquent behavior: 1976–1980 (National Youth Survey Report No. 26). Boulder, CO: Behavioral Research Institute.

Dembo, R., & Schmeidler, J. (2003). A classification of high-risk use. Crime & Delinquency, 49, 201–230. 
 
Dembo, R., Walters, W., & Meyers, K. (2005). A practice/research collaborative: An innovative approach to identifying and responding to psychosocial functioning problems and recidivism risk among juvenile arrestees. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation41, 39–66.
 
Elliott, D. S., Huizinga, D., & Ageton, S. (1985). Explaining delinquency and drug use. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.
 
Huizinga, D. (1991). Assessing violent behavior with self-reports. In J. S. Milner (Ed.), Neuropsychology of aggression (pp. 44–76). Boston: Kluwer Academic.
 
Huizinga, D., & Esbensen, F. (1988). Common measures of the program of research on the causes and correlates of delinquency. Report to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Washington DC: Huizinga.

Primary use / Purpose: 

The DAS assesses the number of times misbehaviors have occurred over the past year, the number of times that alcohol or marijuana were involved in those occurrences, and the age when these misbehaviors were first and last committed.

Background: 

The DAS, based in part on the Self-Reported Delinquency Scale (SRD) (Elliott, Ageton, Huizanga, Knowles, & Canter, 1983),  is designed to assess specific delinquent offenses and the contribution of alcohol and marijuana to these occurrences. It is composed of 40 items which describe a variety of misbehaviors and ask the respondent to indicate whether they have ever engaged in the behavior, their age the first and last time they engaged in the behavior, if they have ever engaged in the behavior without drugs or alcohol being involved, how many times the behavior has occurred, and how many times alcohol, marijuana, or other drugs have been involved. The DAS also assesses the respondent's remorse by asking if they were satisfied with their actions and if they would do the same thing again in a similar situation. Subscales of the DAS include predatory aggression, stealing and generalized delinquency, stealing and impulsive delinquency, and drug dealing and aggressive behavior. 

Psychometrics: 

Reavy et al. (2012) have examined and described the psychometric properties of the DAS.

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