Compensatory Health Belief Scale

Author of Tool: 

Knäuper, B., Rabiau, M., Cohen, O., & Patriciu, N.

Key references: 

Knäuper, B., Rabiau, M., Cohen, O., & Patriciu, N. (2004). Compensatory health beliefs: Theory and measurement. Psychology and Health, 19(5), 607-624.)

Primary use / Purpose: 

Measures Compensatory Health Beliefs. CHBs are beliefs that the negative effects of an unhealthy (but pleasurable) behaviour can be compensated for or neutralised by carrying out a healthy behaviour.

Background: 

The search of the ideal balance between maximum pleasure and minimal disadvantage is called the hedonic principle. However, the interaction between our desire and our health goals can lead to a motivational conflict (Rabiau, Knäuper, & Miquelon, 2006), or so-called cognitive dissonance (Festinger, 1957), because of the incompatibility between both goals. This dissonance generates a state of pressure, whose resolution requires self-regulatory processes to deal with the aversive state of dissonance (Rabiau et al., 2006). According to the Compensatory Health Belief (CHB) Model one possible strategy to diminish this conflict is to use/employ Compensatory Health Beliefs. The activation of CHBs is an automatically motivated regulatory process to reduce cognitive dissonance, by justifying unhealthy behaviour with future planned healthy behaviour. The Compensatory Health Beliefs Scale (CHBS) empirically examines a variety of CHBs.

Psychometrics: 

For psychometric information see article:

Knäuper, B., Rabiau, M., Cohen, O., & Patriciu, N. (2004). Compensatory health beliefs: Theory and measurement. Psychology and Health, 19(5), 607-624.)

Keywords: 

Files: 

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):