Ferrell, B. R., Eberts, M. T., McCaffery, M., Grant, M. (1991). Clinical decision making and pain. Cancer Nurs. 1991 Dec;14(6):289-97.
Primary use / Purpose:
Nurses are forced to make difficult decisions when presented with patients who are experiencing pain. Ethical dilemmas can also arise around issues such over-medication, under-medication, and opioid side effects to name a few. It is important to gain an understanding of how nurses make these decisions so that more insight can be gained into the factors influencing those decision making processes.