Characteristics Desired in Friend

Author of Tool: 

Bleske, A.L., & Buss, D.M.

Key references: 

Bleske, A.L., & Buss, D.M. (2001). Opposite sex friendship: Sex differences and similarities in initiation, selection, and dissolution. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 1310-1323.

Primary use / Purpose: 

Assess how desirable various charactersitics are in an opposite sex friend

Background: 

The authors of this scale hypothesized that people form opposite-sex friendships (OSFs), in part, to acquire long-term mates (both sexes), to gain short-term sexual access (men more than women), and to gain physical protection (women more than men). They hypothesized that men and women have evolved psychological mechanisms that are designed to guide the initiation, selection, and dissolution of opposite sex friendships. This hypothesis assumes that opposite sex friendships solved specific adaptive problems that ancestral men and women faced recurrently over the course of human evolutionary history. It also implies that the benefits of engaging in opposite-sex friendships, on average, would have overridden the costs.  The Characteristics Desired in a Friend Scale assesses, on a 5-point scale, how desirable the following characteristics are in an opposite sex friend: cheerful, good-looking, good sense of humor, honest, intelligent, kind, sentimental, and witty.

Psychometrics: 

For psychometrics of this scale, see article: Bleske, A.L., & Buss, D.M. (2001). Opposite sex friendship: Sex differences and similarities in initiation, selection, and dissolution. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 1310-1323.

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